Hybrid Rocket

A hybrid rocket is a rocket with a rocket motor which uses propellants in two different states of matter - one solid and the other either gas or liquid. The Hybrid rocket concept can be traced back at least 75 years.

Hybrid rockets exhibit advantages over both liquid rockets and solid rockets especially in terms of simplicity, safety, and cost. Because it is nearly impossible for the fuel and oxidizer to be mixed intimately (being different states of matter), hybrid rockets tend to fail more benignly than liquids or solids. Like liquid rockets and unlike solid rockets they can be shut down easily and are simply throttle-able. The theoretical specific impulse performance of hybrids is generally higher than solids and roughly equivalent to hydrocarbon-based liquids. as high as 400s has been measured in a hybrid rocket using metalized fuels. Hybrid systems are slightly more complex than solids, but the significant hazards of manufacturing, shipping and handling solids offset the system simplicity advantages.

Read more about Hybrid RocketBasic Concepts, Properties, Hybrid Safety, Operational Hybrids, Organizations Working On Hybrids, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "hybrid rocket, rocket":

Hybrid Rocket - In Popular Culture
26, 2005 episode of the Television show MythBusters entitled "Confederate Rocket" featured a hybrid rocket motor using liquid nitrous oxide and paraffin ... that during the American Civil War, the Confederate Army was able to construct a rocket of this type ... The myth was revisited in a later episode entitled Salami Rocket, using hollowed out dry salami as the solid fuel ...
James Benson - Biography - Benson Space Company
... owns many of the patents and intellectual property rights associated with hybrid rocket motors used for safe human spaceflight ... guidance, SpaceDev developed critical hybrid rocket motor technology and furnished all of the rocket motors for Paul Allen's SpaceShipOne, the craft that earned the $10 million Ansari X Prize in 2004 ... expected to be one of SpaceDev's largest customers, purchasing multiple spaceships and safe hybrid rocket motors for use in personal spaceflight ...
American Rocket Company
... veterans of Starstruck (company), the American Rocket Company, or AMROC, was a company that developed hybrid rocket motors ... It had over 300 hybrid rocket motor test firings ranging from 4.5 kN to 1.1 MN at the Air Force Astronautics Laboratory at Edwards Air Force Base (now part of the Phillips Labs) and NASA's ... Its 5 October 1989 launch of the SET-1 sounding rocket was unsuccessful due to frozen moisture from the air forming an ice plug under the main Liquid Oxygen Valve ...
List Of Private Spaceflight Companies - Propulsion Manufacturers
... Company name Engine Engine type Applications Ref Ad Astra Rocket Company VASIMR magnetoplasma may be used for future Mars missions AE Aerospace HIRE ... ARCA Executor (rocket engine) Liquid Oxygen/RP-1 IAR 111, Haas 2, Haas 2b, Super Haas The Elwing Company Electrodeless Plasma Thruster Electric Propulsion may be used for future explorations missions ... SABRE precooled air-breathing rocket planned to be used in Skylon Sierra Nevada Corporation RocketMotorTwo hybrid rocket SpaceShipTwo SpaceDev hybrid rocket SpaceShipOne SpaceX Kestrel (rocket engine ...

Famous quotes containing the word rocket:

    A rocket is a reed that thinks brilliantly.
    José Bergamín (1895–1983)