Solid

Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma). It is characterized by structural rigidity and resistance to changes of shape or volume. Unlike a liquid, a solid object does not flow to take on the shape of its container, nor does it expand to fill the entire volume available to it like a gas does. The atoms in a solid are tightly bound to each other, either in a regular geometric lattice (crystalline solids, which include metals and ordinary water ice) or irregularly (an amorphous solid such as common window glass).

The branch of physics that deals with solids is called solid-state physics, and is the main branch of condensed matter physics (which also includes liquids). Materials science is primarily concerned with the physical and chemical properties of solids. Solid-state chemistry is especially concerned with the synthesis of novel materials, as well as the science of identification and chemical composition.

Read more about SolidMicroscopic Description, Classes of Solids, Physical Properties

Other articles related to "solid":

Einstein Solid
... The Einstein solid is a model of a solid based on two assumptions Each atom in the lattice is an independent 3D quantum harmonic oscillator All atoms oscillate with the same frequency (contrast ...
Metal Gear Solid (Game Boy) - Gameplay
... Ghost Babel follows the overhead 2D format previously used in the 1990 MSX2 game Metal Gear 2 Solid Snake while adding a few new elements introduced in Metal Gear Solid ... Snake now has the ability to flatten himself into walls like he does in Metal Gear Solid ... based on missions featured in Metal Gear Solid VR Missions), and a 2-player Vs ...
Voided Biaxial Slab - Theory
... In principle, BubbleDeck® slabs acts like solid slabs ... Designing is consequently like for solid slabs, just with less load corresponding to the reduced amount of concrete ... and Denmark, concluding that a BubbleDeck slab acts like as a solid slab ...
Farmer Cheese
... During coagulation the mixture separates into curds (solid) and whey (liquid), then the whey is drained off ... out of the moisture yields the malleable solid results of pot cheese, whilst even more pressing makes farmer cheese, which is solid, dry and crumbly ...
Solid Mechanics
... Solid mechanics is the branch of mechanics, physics, and mathematics that concerns the behavior of solid matter under external actions (e.g ... One of the most common practical applications of solid mechanics is the Euler-Bernoulli beam equation ... Solid mechanics extensively uses tensors to describe stresses, strains, and the relationship between them ...

Famous quotes containing the word solid:

    Now, we deny not, but that politicians may sometimes abuse religion, and make it serve for the promoting of their own private interests and designs; which yet they could not do so well neither, were the thing itself a mere cheat and figment of their own, and had no reality at all in nature, nor anything solid at the bottom of it.
    Ralph J. Cudworth (1617–1688)

    A building is akin to dogma; it is insolent, like dogma. Whether or no it is permanent, it claims permanence, like a dogma. People ask why we have no typical architecture of the modern world, like impressionism in painting. Surely it is obviously because we have not enough dogmas; we cannot bear to see anything in the sky that is solid and enduring, anything in the sky that does not change like the clouds of the sky.
    Gilbert Keith Chesterton (1874–1936)

    Our Constitution ... was not a perfect instrument, it is not perfect yet; but it provided a firm base upon which all manner of men of all races, colors and creeds could build our solid structure of democracy.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945)