A propellant is a chemical which is used in the production of energy and pressurized gas that is used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle or projectile or other object. Common propellants are energetic materials and consist of a fuel; like gasoline, jet fuel, rocket fuel, and an oxidizer. Propellants are burned or otherwise decomposed to produce the propellant gas. Other propellants are simply liquids that can readily be vaporized.

In rockets and aircraft propellants are used to produce a gas that can be directed through a nozzle, thereby producing thrust. In rockets, rocket propellant produces an exhaust and the exhausted material is usually expelled under pressure through a nozzle. The pressure may be from a compressed gas, or a gas produced by a chemical reaction. The exhaust material may be a gas, liquid, plasma, or, before the chemical reaction, a solid, liquid or gelled. In aircraft, the propellant is usually a fuel and is combusted with the air.

In ballistics propellants fill the interior of an ammunition cartridge or the chamber of a gun or cannon, leading to the expulsion of a bullet or shell (gunpowder, smokeless powder, and large gun propellants). Explosives can be placed in a sealed tube and act as a deflagrant low explosive charge in mining and demolition, to produce a low velocity heave effect (gas pressure blasting).

Cold gas propellants are used to fill an expansible bag or membrane, such as an automotive airbag (gas generator propellants) or in pressurised dispensing systems, such as aerosol sprays, to force a material through a nozzle. Examples of can propellants include nitrous oxide that is dissolved in canned whipped cream, and the dimethyl ether or low-boiling alkane used in hair spray.

Read more about Propellant:  Aerosol Sprays, Propellant Used For Propulsion

Other articles related to "propellant":

Propellant Tank
... A propellant tank is a container which is part of a vehicle, where propellant is stored prior to use ... Propellant tanks vary in construction, and may be a fuel tank in the case of many aircraft ... In rocket vehicles, propellant tanks are fairly sophisticated since weight is on a premium ...
LSAT Caseless Ammunition
... development of the third spiral was also initiated, with the goal of replacing the propellant binder with a binder more environmentally and cost friendly ... aims to reduce the heat ablation on the inside of the weapon by modifying the burn rate of the propellant, and by giving the round an exterior coating to absorb or prevent transferred heat ...
Propellant Used For Propulsion - Liquid Propellant
... Common propellant combinations used for liquid propellant rockets include Red fuming nitric acid (RFNA) and kerosene or RP-1 RFNA and Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDM ... ideal for high velocity missions liquid oxygen hydrocarbon propellant system - Used for booster stages of space launch vehicles ... for a more compact booster design storable propellant combinations - used in large rocket engines for first and second stages of ballistic missiles and in almost all bi ...
Propellant Depot - Advantages
... Because a large portion of a rocket is propellant at time of launch, proponents point out several advantages of using a propellant depot architecture ... may be created where competition to deliver propellant for the cheapest price takes place, and it may also enable an economy of scale by permitting existing rockets to fly more often to refuel the depot ... If used in conjunction with a mining facility on the moon, water or propellant could be exported back to the depot, further reducing the cost of propellant ...
Components Of Jet Engines - Design Procedure - Propellant Pump
... Propellant pumps are usually present to raise the propellant pressure above the pressure in the combustion chamber so that the fuel can be injected ...