A crop is a volunteered or cultivated plant (any plant) whose produce is harvested by man at some point of its growth stage. plants which have not been cultivated but whose produce are harvested, are not really classified as crops the same goes for plants which have been planted are are never harvested. flowers are classified as crops because when it has been cultivated, its harvesting also include the aesthetic purpose it serves. Crops refer to plants that are grown on a large scale for food, clothing, and other human uses. They are non-animal species or varieties grown to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, fuel or for any other economic purpose (for example, for use as dyes, medicinal, and cosmetic use).

Major crops include sugarcane, pumpkin, maize (corn), wheat, rice, cassava, soybeans, hay, potatoes and cotton. While the term "crop" most commonly refers to plants, it can also include species from other biological kingdoms. For example, mushrooms like shiitake, which are in the fungi kingdom, can be referred to as "crops". In addition, certain species of algae are also cultivated, although it is also harvested from the wild. In contrast, animal species that are raised by humans are called livestock, except those that are kept as pets. Microbial species, such as bacteria or viruses, are referred to as cultures. Microbes are not typically grown for food, but are rather used to alter food. For example, bacteria are used to ferment milk to produce yogurt.

Based on the growing season, the crops grown in India can be classified as kharif crop and rabi crops.

Famous quotes containing the word crop:

    Spirit of her I love,
    Whispering to me,
    Stories of sweet visions, as I rove,
    Here stop, and crop with me
    Sweet flowers that in the still hour grew,
    John Clare (1793–1864)

    The mode of clearing and planting is to fell the trees, and burn once what will burn, then cut them up into suitable lengths, roll into heaps, and burn again; then, with a hoe, plant potatoes where you can come at the ground between the stumps and charred logs; for a first crop the ashes suffice for manure, and no hoeing being necessary the first year. In the fall, cut, roll, and burn again, and so on, till the land is cleared; and soon it is ready for grain, and to be laid down.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    Droll thing life is—that mysterious arrangement of merciless logic for a futile purpose. The most you can hope from it is some knowledge of yourself—that comes too late—a crop of unextinguishable regrets.
    Joseph Conrad (1857–1924)