Early Irish law comprised the statutes that governed everyday life and politics in Early Medieval Ireland. They were partially eclipsed by the Norman invasion of 1169, but underwent a resurgence in the 13th century, and survived into Early Modern Ireland in parallel with English law over the majority of the island until the 17th century. "Early Irish Law" was often, although not universally, referred to within the law texts as "Fenechas", the law of the Feni, or the freemen of Gaelic Ireland mixed with Christian influence and juristic innovation. These secular laws existed in parallel, and occasionally in conflict, with canon law throughout the early Christian period.
The laws were a civil rather than a criminal code, concerned with the payment of compensation for harm done and the regulation of property, inheritance and contracts; the concept of state-administered punishment for crime was foreign to Ireland's early jurists. They show Ireland in the early medieval period to have been a hierarchical society, taking great care to define social status, and the rights and duties that went with it, according to property, and the relationships between lords and their clients and serfs.
The secular legal texts of Ireland were edited by D.A. Binchy in his six-volume Corpus Iuris Hibernici. The oldest surviving law tracts date to the 8th century.
Other articles related to "early irish law, laws, early, irish":
... The Brehon laws play a large role in the Sister Fidelma series of historical (7th c AD) crime books by Peter Tremayne, and in those of Cora Harrison's Mara, Brehon (investigating judge) of the Burren (early 16th c AD) ... the underlying principles seen in such Irish saga as Táin Bó Flidhais and Táin Bó Cuailnge ...
... Daniel Anthony Binchy (1899–1989) was a scholar of Irish linguistics and Early Irish law ... poem Binchy and Bergin and Best, originally printed in the Cruiskeen Lawn column in the Irish Times and now included in The Best of Myles ... Rudolf Thurneysen which allowed him to begin his study of Early Irish Law ...
Famous quotes containing the words law, early and/or irish:
“When law becomes despotic, morals are relaxed, and vice versa.”
—Honoré De Balzac (17991850)
“We do not preach great things but we live them.”
—Marcus Minucius Felix (late 2nd or early 3rd ce, Roman Christian apologist. Octavius, 38. 6, trans. by G.H. Rendell.
“O Paddy dear, an did ye hear the news thats goin round?
The shamrock is by law forbid to grow on Irish ground!
No more Saint Patricks Day well keep, his colour cant be seen,
For theres a cruel law agin the wearin o the Green!”
—Unknown. The Wearing of the Green (l. 3740)