In law, an answer was originally a solemn assertion in opposition to someone or something, and thus generally any counter-statement or defense, a reply to a question or response, or objection, or a correct solution of a problem.
In the common law, an answer is the first pleading by a defendant, usually filed and served upon the plaintiff within a certain strict time limit after a civil complaint or criminal information or indictment has been served upon the defendant. It may have been preceded by an optional "pre-answer" motion to dismiss or demurrer; if such a motion is unsuccessful, the defendant must file an answer to the complaint or risk an adverse default judgment.
In a criminal case, there is usually an arraignment or some other kind of appearance before the defendant comes to court. The pleading in the criminal case, which is entered on the record in open court, is usually either guilty or not guilty. Generally speaking in private, civil cases there is no plea entered of guilt or innocence. There is only a judgment that grants money damages or some other kind of equitable remedy such as restitution or a permanent injunction. Criminal cases may lead to fines or other punishment, such as imprisonment.
The famous Latin Responsa Prudentium ("answers of the learned ones") were the accumulated views of many successive generations of Roman lawyers, a body of legal opinion which gradually became authoritative.
In music an "answer" (also known as countersubject) is the technical name in counterpoint for the repetition or modification by one part or instrument of a theme proposed by another.
Other articles related to "answer, answers":
... to walk away, although he had surmised the correct answer to the $250,000 question ... from the season's first 45 shows will return for a chance to answer a million dollar question, and Janus qualified as the fifth seed for the Million ... He returned on November 16 to answer his Million Dollar Question ...
... Unlike the main game, there was no penalty for an incorrect answer, and contestants could buzz-in and answer as much as they wanted on each clip ... Each correct answer won the same amount of money won in the main game (there was no penalty for an incorrect answer), and solving five subjects won an extra $1,000 ...
... the Bar-Kochba game (also known as Twenty questions), with a given percentage of wrong answers, and calculated the minimum number of randomly chosen questions to determine the answer ... the sender whether the given message was in this subset, a 'yes' or 'no' answer ... Based on this answer, the receiver then chose a new subset and repeated the process ...
... is the class of decision problems for which a 'yes' answer can be verified by a Turing machine in a finite amount of time ... Informally, it means that if the answer is 'yes', then there is some procedure which takes finite time to determine this ... On the other hand, if the answer is 'no', the machine might never halt ...
... must immediately stop writing (they are not allowed to finish incomplete answers started before the stop signal) ... be answered in order a skipped question is scored as a wrong answer ... In order for a question to be scored as correct the exact answer must be given (no allowance for rounding), except where the question is preceded by an asterisk, in which case for the question to be scored as ...
Famous quotes containing the word answer:
“I have no hesitation in saying that although the American woman never leaves her domestic sphere and is in some respects very dependent within it, nowhere does she enjoy a higher station. And ... if anyone asks me what I think the chief cause of the extraordinary prosperity and growing power of this nation, I should answer that it is due to the superiority of their women.”
—Alexis de Tocqueville (18051859)
“Again, he felt a crude ecstasy. He could not have given the reason, but the mountain tormented him, beckoned him, held an answer to something he wanted. It was so pure, so austere.”
—Norman Mailer (b. 1923)
“There is a mortifying experience in particular, which does not fail to wreak itself also in the general history; I mean the foolish face of praise, the forced smile which we put on in company where we do not feel at ease, in answer to conversation which does not interest us. The muscles, not spontaneously moved but moved, by a low usurping wilfulness, grow tight about the outline of the face, with the most disagreeable sensation.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)