Oberliga (English: Premier league) may refer to:
- Association football
- Oberliga (football), currently the fifth tier of the German football league system, formerly the first.
- DDR-Oberliga, the first tier of football in East Germany until 1990, replaced by the NOFV-Oberliga.
- NOFV-Oberliga, replaced the DDR-Oberliga in 1990, now the fifth tier of football in the region.
- Ice hockey
- Oberliga (ice hockey), formerly the first tier, now the third tier of ice hockey in Germany.