**Matrix mechanics** is a formulation of quantum mechanics created by Werner Heisenberg, Max Born, and Pascual Jordan in 1925.

Matrix mechanics was the first conceptually autonomous and logically consistent formulation of quantum mechanics. It extended the Bohr Model by describing how the quantum jumps occur. It did so by interpreting the physical properties of particles as matrices that evolve in time. It is equivalent to the SchrÃ¶dinger wave formulation of quantum mechanics, and is the basis of Dirac's bra-ket notation for the wave function.

Read more about Matrix Mechanics: Development of Matrix Mechanics, Further Discussion, Nobel Prize, Mathematical Development, Further Results, The Three Formulating Papers

### Famous quotes containing the words matrix and/or mechanics:

““The *matrix* is God?”

“In a manner of speaking, although it would be more accurate ... to say that the *matrix* has a God, since this being’s omniscience and omnipotence are assumed to be limited to the *matrix*.”

“If it has limits, it isn’t omnipotent.”

“Exactly.... Cyberspace exists, insofar as it can be said to exist, by virtue of human agency.””

—William Gibson (b. 1948)

“It is only the impossible that is possible for God. He has given over the possible to the *mechanics* of matter and the autonomy of his creatures.”

—Simone Weil (1909–1943)