Kurdistan ( (listen) "Land of the Kurds"; also formerly spelled Curdistan; ancient name: Corduene) is a roughly defined geo-cultural region wherein the Kurds form a prominent majority population, and Kurdish culture, language, and national identity have historically been based.

Contemporary use of Kurdistan refers to parts of eastern Turkey (Turkish Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Iraqi Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Iranian Kurdistan) and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan) inhabited mainly by Kurds. Kurdistan roughly encompasses the northwestern Zagros and the eastern Taurus mountain ranges, and covers small portions of Armenia.

Iraqi Kurdistan first gained autonomous status in a 1970 agreement with the Iraqi government, and its status was re-confirmed as an autonomous entity within the federal Iraqi republic in 2005. There is a province by the name Kurdistan in Iran; it does not enjoy self-rule.

Kurds fighting in the Syrian civil war were able to take control of large sections of Northeast Syria as forces loyal to al-Assad withdrew to fight elsewhere. Having established their own government, some Kurds called for autonomy in a democratic Syria; others hoped to establish an independent Kurdistan.

Some Kurdish nationalist organizations seek to create an independent nation state of Kurdistan, consisting of some or all of the areas with Kurdish majority, while others campaign for greater Kurdish autonomy within the existing national boundaries.

Part of series on
Kurdish history and culture
Medieval history
  • Shahrazur
  • Sadakiyans
  • Mir Jafar Dasni
  • Aishanids
  • Daisam
  • Shaddadid
  • Rawadids
  • Hasanwayhid
  • Annazids
  • Marwanids
  • Kakuyids
  • Hadhabani
  • Hazaraspids
  • Ayyubids
  • Badlis
  • Ardalan
  • Badinan
  • Soran
  • Mukriyan
  • Baban
Modern history
  • Simko Shikak
  • Kingdom of Kurdistan
  • Republic of Ararat
  • Republic of Mahabad
  • Iraqi Kurdistan (KRG)
  • Iranian Kurdistan
  • Turkish Kurdistan
  • Kurds in Turkey
  • Kurds in Syria
  • Language
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Dance
  • Historical sites

Read more about Kurdistan:  People, Geography, Conflict and Controversy