Beethoven

Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (i/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbeɪ.toʊvən/; ; baptized 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets. He also composed other chamber music, choral works (including the celebrated Missa Solemnis), and songs.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and Christian Gottlob Neefe. During his first 22 years in Bonn, Beethoven intended to study with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and befriended Joseph Haydn. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 and began studying with Haydn, quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. During the late 18th century, his hearing began to deteriorate significantly, yet he continued to compose, conduct, and perform after becoming completely deaf.

Read more about Beethoven:  Character, Music, Beethoven On Screen, Memorials

Famous quotes containing the word beethoven:

    People whose sensibility is destroyed by music in trains, airports, lifts, cannot concentrate on a Beethoven quartet.
    Witold Lutoslawski (b. 1913)

    Mozart has the classic purity of light and the blue ocean; Beethoven the romantic grandeur which belongs to the storms of air and sea, and while the soul of Mozart seems to dwell on the ethereal peaks of Olympus, that of Beethoven climbs shuddering the storm-beaten sides of a Sinai. Blessed be they both! Each represents a moment of the ideal life, each does us good. Our love is due to both.
    Henri-Frédéric Amiel (1821–1881)

    Must it be? It must be.
    [Muss es sein? Es muss sein.]
    —Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770–1827)