Affricate Consonant - Examples


The English sounds spelled "ch" and "j" (transcribed and in IPA), German and Italian z and Italian z are typical affricates. These sounds are fairly common in the world's languages, as are other affricates with similar sounds, such as those in Polish and Chinese. However, other than, voiced affricates are relatively uncommon. For several places of articulation they are not attested at all.

Much less common are labiodental affricates, such as in German and Izi, or velar affricates, such as in Tswana (written kg) or High Alemannic Swiss German dialects. Worldwide, relatively few languages have affricates in these positions, even though the corresponding stop consonants, are virtually universal. Also less common are alveolar affricates where the fricative is lateral, such as the sound found in Nahuatl and Navaho. Some other Athabaskan languages, such as Dene Suline, have unaspirated, aspirated, and ejective series of affricates that may be dental, alveolar, postalveolar, or lateral, that is, and .

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