**Times**

**Multiplication** (often denoted by the cross symbol "**×**") is the mathematical operation of scaling one number by another. It is one of the four basic operations in elementary arithmetic (the others being addition, subtraction and division).

Because the result of scaling by whole numbers can be thought of as consisting of some number of copies of the original, whole-number products greater than 1 can be computed by repeated addition; for example, 3 multiplied by 4 (often said as "3 times 4") can be calculated by adding 4 copies of 3 together:

Here 3 and 4 are the "factors" and 12 is the "product".

Educators differ as to which number should normally be considered as the number of copies, and whether multiplication should even be introduced as repeated addition. For example 3 multiplied by 4 can also be calculated by adding 3 copies of 4 together:

Multiplication of rational numbers (fractions) and real numbers is defined by systematic generalization of this basic idea.

Multiplication can also be visualized as counting objects arranged in a rectangle (for whole numbers) or as finding the area of a rectangle whose sides have given lengths (for numbers generally). The area of a rectangle does not depend on which side you measure first, which illustrates that the order numbers are multiplied together in doesn't matter.

In general the result of multiplying two measurements gives a result of a new type depending on the measurements. For instance:

The inverse operation of multiplication is division. For example, 4 multiplied by 3 equals 12. Then 12 divided by 3 equals 4. Multiplication by 3, followed by division by 3, yields the original number.

Multiplication is also defined for other types of numbers (such as complex numbers), and for more abstract constructs such as matrices. For these more abstract constructs, the order that the operands are multiplied in sometimes does matter.

Read more about Times: Notation and Terminology, Computation, Products of Measurements, Properties, Axioms, Multiplication With Set Theory, Multiplication in Group Theory, Multiplication of Different Kinds of Numbers, Exponentiation, See Also

### Other articles related to "times, time":

... Ondieki received All-America accolades six

**times**at Iowa State ... earning NCAA runner-up honors three

**times**and third-place status three

**times**... His

**time**broke the mark set by Richard Chelimo only five days earlier in Stockholm by over 9 seconds ...

... Jenkins led the league in wins twice, fewest walks per 9 innings five

**times**, complete games nine

**times**, and home runs allowed seven

**times**...

*Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency*- Literary Significance and Reception

... Reviewing the book for The

**Times**, John Nicholson wrote it was "endearingly dotty", but doubted its commercial potential ... Austin MacCurtain of the Sunday

**Times**reviewed the paperback edition in 1988, saying that it was "more of the same" as Hitchhiker's, and that the "cosmic romp is ... as I finished it, I turned back to page one and read it straight through again – the only

**time**I have ever done that, and I wrote to tell him so ...

... This is a massive star with more than 10

**times**the mass of the Sun and seven

**times**the Sun's radius ... The total luminosity of this star is about 12,100

**times**that of the Sun, and eight

**times**the luminosity of its companion ... This star is smaller than the primary, with about 7

**times**the mass of the Sun and 3.6

**times**the Sun's radius ...

... To help compare orders of magnitude of different

**times**, this page lists

**times**between 10−3 seconds and 100 seconds (1 millisecond and one second) ... See also

**times**of other orders of magnitude ...

### Famous quotes containing the word times:

“Laws are silent in *times* of war.”

—Marcus Tullius Cicero (106–43 B.C.)

““Who are you,” said the caterpillar.

This was not an encouraging opening for a conversation. Alice replied, rather shyly, “I—I hardly know, Sir, just at present—at least I know who I was when I got up this morning, but I think I must have changed several *times* since then.””

—Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson] (1832–1898)

“Love is a great thing. It is not by chance that in all *times* and practically among all cultured peoples love in the general sense and the love of a man for his wife are both called love. If love is often cruel or destructive, the reasons lie not in love itself, but in the inequality between people.”

—Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1860–1904)