**Times**

**Multiplication** (often denoted by the cross symbol "**×**") is the mathematical operation of scaling one number by another. It is one of the four basic operations in elementary arithmetic (the others being addition, subtraction and division).

Because the result of scaling by whole numbers can be thought of as consisting of some number of copies of the original, whole-number products greater than 1 can be computed by repeated addition; for example, 3 multiplied by 4 (often said as "3 times 4") can be calculated by adding 4 copies of 3 together:

Here 3 and 4 are the "factors" and 12 is the "product".

Educators differ as to which number should normally be considered as the number of copies, and whether multiplication should even be introduced as repeated addition. For example 3 multiplied by 4 can also be calculated by adding 3 copies of 4 together:

Multiplication of rational numbers (fractions) and real numbers is defined by systematic generalization of this basic idea.

Multiplication can also be visualized as counting objects arranged in a rectangle (for whole numbers) or as finding the area of a rectangle whose sides have given lengths (for numbers generally). The area of a rectangle does not depend on which side you measure first, which illustrates that the order numbers are multiplied together in doesn't matter.

In general the result of multiplying two measurements gives a result of a new type depending on the measurements. For instance:

The inverse operation of multiplication is division. For example, 4 multiplied by 3 equals 12. Then 12 divided by 3 equals 4. Multiplication by 3, followed by division by 3, yields the original number.

Multiplication is also defined for other types of numbers (such as complex numbers), and for more abstract constructs such as matrices. For these more abstract constructs, the order that the operands are multiplied in sometimes does matter.

Read more about Times: Notation and Terminology, Computation, Products of Measurements, Properties, Axioms, Multiplication With Set Theory, Multiplication in Group Theory, Multiplication of Different Kinds of Numbers, Exponentiation, See Also

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**times**the mass of the Sun and 3.6

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... Jenkins led the league in wins twice, fewest walks per 9 innings five

**times**, complete games nine

**times**, and home runs allowed seven

**times**...

... compare orders of magnitude of different

**times**, this page lists

**times**between 10−3 seconds and 100 seconds (1 millisecond and one second) ... See also

**times**of other orders of magnitude ...

... Ondieki received All-America accolades six

**times**at Iowa State ... championship, he came close on several occasions, earning NCAA runner-up honors three

**times**and third-place status three

**times**... His

**time**broke the mark set by Richard Chelimo only five days earlier in Stockholm by over 9 seconds ...

### Famous quotes containing the word times:

“Methinks a Man cannot, without a secret Satisfaction, consider the Glory of the present Age, which will shine as bright as any other in the History of Mankind. It is still big with great Events, and has already produced Changes and Revolutions which will be as much admired by Posterity, as any that have happened in the Days of our Fathers, or in the old *Times* before them.”

—Richard Steele (1672–1729)

“There are *times* when even the most potent governor must wink at transgression, in order to preserve the laws inviolate for the future.”

—Herman Melville (1819–1891)

“I shook off the sweat and the sun. I understood that I had destroyed the balance of the day, the exceptional silence of a beach where I had been happy. Then I shot four more *times* at an inert body which the bullets penetrated without appearing so. And it was like four brief knocks that I struck on the door of misfortune.”

—Albert Camus (1913–1960)