A pretender is one who claims entitlement to an unavailable position of honour or rank. Most often it refers to a former monarch, or descendant thereof, whose throne is occupied or claimed by a rival, or has been abolished.
Although "claimant" is sometimes preferred, the term in itself is not pejorative. The original meaning of the English word pretend, from the French word prétendre (from the Latin praetendo lit. "to stretch out before") means "to put forward, to profess or claim"; this predates today's more common English meaning of "pretend", which is to claim falsely.
The term "pretender" applies not only to claimants with arguably genuine rights to the throne (as the various pretenders of the Wars of the Roses) who regarded the de facto monarch as a usurper, but also to impostors with wholly fabricated claims (as pretenders to Henry VII's throne Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck). People in the latter category often assume the identities of deceased or missing royalty, and are sometimes referred to for clarity as false pretenders or royal impersonators. A Papal pretender is called an Antipope.
Read more about Pretender: Pretenders in The Roman Empire, Greek Pretenders, French Pretenders, Russian Pretenders, Ottoman Pretenders, Kingdom of Jerusalem, False Pretenders, Claimant Descendants of Royalty, Japanese Descendants of Chinese Emperors
Other articles related to "pretender, pretenders":
... Francis Edward Stuart, the son of James VII, who became known as "The Old Pretender", attempted an invasion with a French fleet carrying 6,000 men, but the Royal Navy prevented it ... Charles Edward Stuart, son of the Old Pretender, often referred to as Bonnie Prince Charlie or the Young Pretender, landed on the island of Eriskay in the Outer Hebrides ... The Old Pretender died in 1760 and the Young Pretender, without legitimate issue, in 1788 ...
... "The Pretender" is a song written and performed by American rock performer, Jackson Browne and featured on his 1976 album The Pretender ...
... Chris Tarrant's Great Pretender is a bluffing game where one contestant will win the contents of the cash jackpot, before the show even finishes ... when the group must guess who they think is the Great Pretender ... If the Great Pretender is incorrectly identified, or if the vote is split through indecisiveness among contestants, the actual Pretender will walk ...
... The concept of Pretender shells was given another new origin in Devil's Due Publishing's fourth G.I ... Here, Bludgeon and the future Pretender Monsters came to Earth to exploit it, but were shot down ... Unlike IDW's re-imagining of Pretenders, the Pretenders seen here resemble the traditional look of their Pretender toys ...
... The following are the heirs of the Jacobite pretenders to the throne to the death of the last Stuart pretender ... Heir Status Relationship to Pretender Became heir Reason Ceased to be heir Reason Next in succession Pretender James, Prince of Wales Heir apparent ...
Famous quotes containing the word pretender:
“If all power is in the people, if there is no higher law than their will, and if by counting their votes, their will may be ascertainedthen the people may entrust all their power to anyone, and the power of the pretender and the usurper is then legitimate. It is not to be challenged since it came originally from the sovereign people.”
—Walter Lippmann (18891974)
“Nature, hating art and pains,
Baulks and baffles plotting brains;
Casualty and Surprise
Are the apples of her eyes;
But she dearly loves the poor,
And, by marvel of her own,
Strikes the loud pretender down.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)