Logic

Logic (from the Greek λογική, logikē) refers to both the study of modes of reasoning (which are valid and which are fallacious) and the use of valid reasoning. In the latter sense, logic is used in most intellectual activities, including philosophy and science, but in the first sense, is primarily studied in the disciplines of philosophy, mathematics, semantics, and computer science. It examines general forms that arguments may take. In mathematics, it is the study of valid inferences within some formal language. Logic is also studied in argumentation theory.

Logic was studied in several ancient civilizations, including India, China, and Greece. In the west, logic was established as a formal discipline by Aristotle, who gave it a fundamental place in philosophy. The study of logic was part of the classical trivium, which also included grammar and rhetoric.

Logic is often divided into three parts, inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning, and deductive reasoning.

Read more about LogicThe Study of Logic, History

Other articles related to "logic":

Paraconsistent Logic - Applications
... Paraconsistent logic has been applied as a means of managing inconsistency in numerous domains, including Semantics ... Paraconsistent logic has been proposed as means of providing a simple and intuitive formal account of truth that does not fall prey to paradoxes such ... Some believe that paraconsistent logic has significant ramifications with respect to the significance of Russell's paradox and Gödel's incompleteness theorems ...
A Simple Paraconsistent Logic
... One well-known system of paraconsistent logic is the simple system known as LP ("Logic of Paradox"), first proposed by the Argentinian logician F ... of LP are precisely those of classical propositional logic ... LP and classical logic differ only in the inferences they deem valid.) Relaxing the requirement that every formula be either true or false yields the weaker paraconsistent logic commonly known as ...
Paraconsistent Logic - Notable Figures
... figures in the history and/or modern development of paraconsistent logic include Alan Ross Anderson (USA, 1925–1973) ... One of the founders of relevance logic, a kind of paraconsistent logic ... Worked with Anderson on relevance logic ...
Mutually Exclusive Events - Logic
... In logic, two mutually exclusive propositions are propositions that logically cannot be true at the same time ...
Web Template - Template Uses - Flexible Presentation
... in the code and resources dedicated to the presentation logic ... between "presentation" (front end) and "business logic" (infrastructure) is usually an important one, because the presentation source code language may differ from other code assets the production ...

Famous quotes containing the word logic:

    The logic of worldly success rests on a fallacy: the strange error that our perfection depends on the thoughts and opinions and applause of other men! A weird life it is, indeed, to be living always in somebody else’s imagination, as if that were the only place in which one could at last become real!
    Thomas Merton (1915–1968)