A **number** is a mathematical object used to count, label, and measure. In mathematics, the definition of number has been extended over the years to include such numbers as zero, negative numbers, rational numbers, irrational numbers, and complex numbers.

Mathematical operations are certain procedures that take one or more numbers as input and produce a number as output. Unary operations take a single input number and produce a single output number. For example, the successor operation adds one to an integer, thus the successor of 4 is 5. Binary operations take two input numbers and produce a single output number. Examples of binary operations include addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and exponentiation. The study of numerical operations is called arithmetic.

A notational symbol that represents a number is called a numeral. In addition to their use in counting and measuring, numerals are often used for labels (telephone numbers), for ordering (serial numbers), and for codes (e.g., ISBNs).

In common use, the word *number* can mean the abstract object, the symbol, or the word for the number.

Read more about Number: Classification of Numbers, Numerals

### Other articles related to "number, numbers":

**number**) - In Mathematics

496 is most notable for being a perfect

**number**, and one of the earliest

**numbers**to be recognized as such ... As a perfect

**number**, it is tied to the Mersenne prime 31, 25 - 1, with 24 ( 25 - 1 ) yielding 496 ... Also related to its being a perfect

**number**, 496 is a harmonic divisor

**number**, since the

**number**of proper divisors of 496 divided by the sum of the reciprocals of its divisors, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 31, 62, 124, 248 and 496, (t ...

**number**) - In Other Fields

... fall in the thirty-ninth position The retired jersey

**number**of former baseball player Roy Campanella The book series "The 39 Clues" revolves around 39 clues hidden around the ... History The

**number**of signers to the United States Constitution, out of 55 members of the Philadelphia Convention delegates The traditional

**number**of times citizens of Ancient ... slang for "thank you" when written with

**numbers**(3=san 9=kyu) Pier 39 in San Francisco The

**number**of the French department Jura In Afghanistan, the

**number**39 is ...

**number**)

... This article discusses the

**number**thirty-eight. 38 ← 39 ... → List of

**numbers**— Integers 90 ... → Cardinal thirty-eight Ordinal 38th (thirty-eighth) Factorization ...

*natural Logarithm*

... But mathematically, the

**number**10 is not particularly significant ... the basis for many societies’ numbering systems—likely arises from humans’ typical

**number**of fingers ... As an example, there are a

**number**of simple series involving the natural logarithm ...

**number**) - In Mathematics

39 is the smallest natural

**number**which has three partitions into three parts which all give the same product when multiplied {25, 8, 6}, {24, 10, 5}, {20, 15, 4} ... The thirteenth Perrin

**number**is 39, which comes after 17, 22, 29 (it is the sum of the first two mentioned). 392 + 1 = 1522 is 761, which is obviously more than 39 twice, 39 is a Størmer

**number**...

### Famous quotes containing the word number:

“I who have been involved with all styles of painting can assure you that the only things that fluctuate are the waves of fashion which carry the snobs and speculators; the *number* of true connoisseurs remains more or less the same.”

—Pablo Picasso (1881–1973)

“I can’t quite define my aversion to asking questions of strangers. From snatches of family battles which I have heard drifting up from railway stations and street corners, I gather that there are a great many men who share my dislike for it, as well as an equal *number* of women who ... believe it to be the solution to most of this world’s problems.”

—Robert Benchley (1889–1945)

“In this world, which is so plainly the antechamber of another, there are no happy men. The true division of humanity is between those who live in light and those who live in darkness. Our aim must be to diminish the *number* of the latter and increase the *number* of the former. That is why we demand education and knowledge.”

—Victor Hugo (1802–1885)