A **number** is a mathematical object used to count, label, and measure. In mathematics, the definition of number has been extended over the years to include such numbers as zero, negative numbers, rational numbers, irrational numbers, and complex numbers.

Mathematical operations are certain procedures that take one or more numbers as input and produce a number as output. Unary operations take a single input number and produce a single output number. For example, the successor operation adds one to an integer, thus the successor of 4 is 5. Binary operations take two input numbers and produce a single output number. Examples of binary operations include addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and exponentiation. The study of numerical operations is called arithmetic.

A notational symbol that represents a number is called a numeral. In addition to their use in counting and measuring, numerals are often used for labels (telephone numbers), for ordering (serial numbers), and for codes (e.g., ISBNs).

In common use, the word *number* can mean the abstract object, the symbol, or the word for the number.

Read more about Number: Classification of Numbers, Numerals

### Other articles related to "number, numbers":

**number**) - In Mathematics

39 is the smallest natural

**number**which has three partitions into three parts which all give the same product when multiplied {25, 8, 6}, {24, 10, 5}, {20, 15, 4} ... The thirteenth Perrin

**number**is 39, which comes after 17, 22, 29 (it is the sum of the first two mentioned) ... + 1 = 1522 is 761, which is obviously more than 39 twice, 39 is a Størmer

**number**...

*natural Logarithm*

... But mathematically, the

**number**10 is not particularly significant ... for many societies’ numbering systems—likely arises from humans’ typical

**number**of fingers ... As an example, there are a

**number**of simple series involving the natural logarithm ...

**number**)

... This article discusses the

**number**thirty-eight. 39 → 38 ← 39 ... → List of

**numbers**— Integers 90 ... → Cardinal thirty-eight Ordinal 38th (thirty-eighth) Factorization Divisors 1, 2, 19, 38 ...

**number**) - In Mathematics

496 is most notable for being a perfect

**number**, and one of the earliest

**numbers**to be recognized as such ... As a perfect

**number**, it is tied to the Mersenne prime 31, 25 - 1, with 24 ( 25 - 1 ) yielding 496 ... Also related to its being a perfect

**number**, 496 is a harmonic divisor

**number**, since the

**number**of proper divisors of 496 divided by the sum of the reciprocals of its divisors, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 31, 62 ...

**number**) - In Other Fields

... with their first, "'39" does in fact fall in the thirty-ninth position The retired jersey

**number**of former baseball player Roy Campanella The book series "The 39 Clues ... History The

**number**of signers to the United States Constitution, out of 55 members of the Philadelphia Convention delegates The traditional

**number**of times citizens of Ancient ... Japanese Internet chat slang for "thank you" when written with

**numbers**(3=san 9=kyu) Pier 39 in San Francisco The

**number**of the French department Jura In Afghanistan, the

**number**39 is considered ...

### Famous quotes containing the word number:

“My tendency to nervousness in my younger days, in view of the fact of a *number* of near relatives on both my father’s and mother’s side of the house having become insane, gave some serious uneasiness. I made up my mind to overcome it.... In the cross-examination of witnesses before a crowded court-house ... I soon found I could control myself even in the worst of testing cases. Finally, in battle.”

—Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)

“How often should a woman be pregnant? Continually, or hardly ever? Or must there be a certain *number* of pregnancy anniversaries established by fashion? What do you, at the age of forty-three, have to say on the subject? Is it a fact that the laws of nature, or of the country, or of propriety, have ordained this time of life for sterility?”

—Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)

“Hence, a generative grammar must be a system of rules that can iterate to generate an indefinitely large *number* of structures. This system of rules can be analyzed into the three major components of a generative grammar: the syntactic, phonological, and semantic components.”

—Noam Chomsky (b. 1928)