A **number** is a mathematical object used to count, label, and measure. In mathematics, the definition of number has been extended over the years to include such numbers as zero, negative numbers, rational numbers, irrational numbers, and complex numbers.

Mathematical operations are certain procedures that take one or more numbers as input and produce a number as output. Unary operations take a single input number and produce a single output number. For example, the successor operation adds one to an integer, thus the successor of 4 is 5. Binary operations take two input numbers and produce a single output number. Examples of binary operations include addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and exponentiation. The study of numerical operations is called arithmetic.

A notational symbol that represents a number is called a numeral. In addition to their use in counting and measuring, numerals are often used for labels (telephone numbers), for ordering (serial numbers), and for codes (e.g., ISBNs).

In common use, the word *number* can mean the abstract object, the symbol, or the word for the number.

Read more about Number: Classification of Numbers, Numerals

### Other articles related to "number, numbers":

**number**) - In Mathematics

496 is most notable for being a perfect

**number**, and one of the earliest

**numbers**to be recognized as such ... As a perfect

**number**, it is tied to the Mersenne prime 31, 25 - 1, with 24 ( 25 - 1 ) yielding 496 ... Also related to its being a perfect

**number**, 496 is a harmonic divisor

**number**, since the

**number**of proper divisors of 496 divided by the sum of the ...

**number**) - In Other Fields

... does in fact fall in the thirty-ninth position The retired jersey

**number**of former baseball player Roy Campanella The book series "The 39 Clues" revolves around 39 clues hidden ... History The

**number**of signers to the United States Constitution, out of 55 members of the Philadelphia Convention delegates The traditional

**number**of times citizens ... chat slang for "thank you" when written with

**numbers**(3=san 9=kyu) Pier 39 in San Francisco The

**number**of the French department Jura In Afghanistan, the

**number**39 is considered unlucky, due to the belief that it ...

**number**) - In Mathematics

39 is the smallest natural

**number**which has three partitions into three parts which all give the same product when multiplied {25, 8, 6}, {24, 10, 5}, {20, 15 ... The thirteenth Perrin

**number**is 39, which comes after 17, 22, 29 (it is the sum of the first two mentioned) ... = 1522 is 761, which is obviously more than 39 twice, 39 is a Størmer

**number**...

**number**)

... This article discusses the

**number**thirty-eight. 39 ... → 38 ← 39 ... → List of

**numbers**— Integers 90 ... → Cardinal thirty-eight Ordinal 38th (thirty-eighth) Factorization Divisors 1, 2, 19 ...

*natural Logarithm*

... But mathematically, the

**number**10 is not particularly significant ... systems—likely arises from humans’ typical

**number**of fingers ... As an example, there are a

**number**of simple series involving the natural logarithm ...

### Famous quotes containing the word number:

“No Government can be long secure without a formidable Opposition. It reduces their supporters to that tractable *number* which can be managed by the joint influences of fruition and hope. It offers vengeance to the discontented, and distinction to the ambitious; and employs the energies of aspiring spirits, who otherwise may prove traitors in a division or assassins in a debate.”

—Benjamin Disraeli (1804–1881)

“States strong enough to do good are but few.

Their *number* would seem limited to three.”

—Robert Frost (1874–1963)

“In many ways, life becomes simpler [for young adults]. . . . We are expected to solve only a finite *number* of problems within a limited range of possible solutions. . . . It’s a mental vacation compared with figuring out who we are, what we believe, what we’re going to do with our talents, how we’re going to solve the social problems of the globe . . .and what the perfect way to raise our children will be.”

—Roger Gould (20th century)