Deprogramming

Deprogramming is an attempt to force a person to abandon allegiance to a religious, political, economic, or social group. Methods and practices may involve kidnapping and coercion. The person in question is taken against his/her will, which has led to controversies over freedom of religion, kidnapping and civil rights, as well as the violence which is sometimes involved.

Deprogramming is commissioned by relatives, often parents of adult offspring, who object to someone's membership in an organization or group. It was started in the 1970s in the United States by Ted Patrick.

The effectiveness, ethics and legality of deprogramming has been questioned by scholars, as well as by members of the Christian countercult movement.

Similar actions, when done without force, are called "exit counseling". Sometimes the word deprogramming is used in a wider (and/or ironic or humorous sense), to mean the freeing of someone (often oneself) from any previously uncritically assimilated idea.

Read more about Deprogramming:  Background, Procedures, Effectiveness and Harm, Controversy and Related Issues, People and Places, Exit Counseling, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "deprogramming":

Rick Ross (consultant)
... lecturer, and intervention specialist, with a focus on exit counseling and deprogramming of those belonging to cults ... In 1986 he began working full-time as a consultant, (sometimes involuntary) deprogramming members of controversial groups and movements ... His work deprogramming a 14 year old Potter's House Christian Fellowship member was covered in a 1989 edition of the American TV series 48 hours ...
Jason Scott Case - The Deprogramming
... To facilitate the deprogramming, Ross put together a two-man "security team" ... For deprogramming Jason, Ross demanded a larger fee, in view of the fact that he was powerfully built and legally an adult, increasing the risk of prosecution ... he would only regain his liberty once the deprogramming had been concluded successfully and he had given up his beliefs ...
Deprogramming - In Popular Culture
... Smoke! 1999 movie based on the book with the same name Split Image 1982 movie about deprogramming ...
Human Rights In Japan - Civil Liberties - Freedom of Religion
... that police did not respond to allegations of forced deprogramming of church members ... While deprogramming cases decreased during the year, a Unification Church spokesman reported that prosecutors dropped two cases due to insufficient evidence ... regarding the tendency of officials to judge deprogramming as a family matter ...
Ted Patrick - His Career As A Deprogrammer
... with members of the Hare Krishna group (May, 1979), "How I got into deprogramming was through my own son ... speech, was the background for his work in deprogramming ... This was when he developed his method of deprogramming ...