Arena

An arena is an enclosed area, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theater, musical performances, or sporting events. The word derives from Latin harena, a particularly fine/smooth sand used to absorb blood in ancient arenas like the Colosseum in Rome. It is composed of a large open space surrounded on most or all sides by tiered seating for spectators. The key feature of an arena is that the event space is the lowest point, allowing for maximum visibility. Usually, an arena is designed to accommodate a fairly large number of spectators.

The term arena is sometimes used as a synonym for a very large venue such as Pasadena's Rose Bowl, but such a facility is typically called a stadium, especially if it does not have a roof. The use of one term over the other has mostly to do with the type of event. Football (be it association, rugby, or gridiron) is typically played in a stadium while basketball and ice hockey are typically played in an arena, although many of the larger arenas hold more spectators than do the stadiums of smaller colleges or high schools. There are exceptions. The home of the Duke University basketball team would qualify as an arena, but the facility is called Cameron Indoor Stadium. Domed stadiums, which like arenas are enclosed but have the larger playing surfaces and seating capacities found in stadiums, also fall under a gray area. There is also the sport of indoor American football (one variant of which is explicitly known as arena football), a variant of the gridiron-based game that is designed for the usual smaller playing surface of most arenas; variants of other traditionally outdoor sports, including box lacrosse and futsal/indoor soccer, also exist.

The term "arena" is also used loosely to refer to any event or type of event which either literally or metaphorically takes place in such a location—often with the specific intent of comparing an idea to a sporting event, such as "the arena of war" or "the arena of love" or "the political arena". In many fighting games, the stage that opponents are fought in is also called an arena.

Other articles related to "arena, arenas":

Kitchener Memorial Auditorium Complex
... The Kitchener Memorial Audiorium" with the Dom Cardillo Arena, two smaller community arenas the Kinsmen Arena and Kiwanis Arena, the Jack Couch Stadium baseball park, Centennial Stadium ...
O2 Arena (Prague)
... O2 Arena (formerly Sazka Arena, stylised as O2 arena) is a multi-purpose arena, in Prague, Czech Republic ... O2 Arena is easily accessible by public transport, from line B metro station Českomoravská, tram stops and bus stops Praha-Libeň railway station is close to the O2 arena as well ... O2 Arena is the home of Czech Extraliga team HC Slavia Praha and partly home of HC Lev Prague team from KHL ...
Olympia (Helsingborg)
... The updated arena will be opened in 2014 ... This will be the fourth updating of the arena since 1985 ... Before 1985 the arena was in a dreadful state with athletic running tracks, wooden stands, and a very poor lightning system ...
Oshawa Civic Auditorium - History
... The arena was built as a replacement home for the Oshawa Generals, when the Hambly Arena burned down on September 15, 1953 ... in nearby Bowmanville, Ontario for one season until construction on the new arena was finished ... In June 2005, construction began on a replacement arena in downtown Oshawa, the General Motors Centre ...
O'Connell Center - History
... The arena opened in 1980, but problems with the inflatable, Teflon-coated fabric roof required replacement with a permanent, hard shell dome on top of the structure in 1998 ... the scoreboards are now used for live instant replays of events inside the arena ... The arena, which is the fourth on-campus home of the Gators, replaced the old Florida Gymnasium, nicknamed "Alligator Alley," which was the home of the Gators for the previous thirty-one seasons ...

Famous quotes containing the word arena:

    [I]t forged ahead to become a full-fledged metropolis, with 143 faro games, 30 saloons, 4 banks, 27 produce stores, 3 express offices—and an arena for bull-and-bear fights, which, described by Horace Greeley in the New York Tribune, is said to have given Wall Street its best-known phrases.
    —For the State of California, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)

    Children treat their friends differently than they treat the other people in their lives. A friendship is a place for experimenting with new ways of handling anger and aggression. It is an arena for practicing reciprocity, testing assertiveness, and searching for compromise in ways children would not try with parents or siblings.
    Lawrence Kutner (20th century)

    O the joy of the strong-brawn’d fighter, towering in the arena in perfect condition, conscious of power, thirsting to meet his opponent.
    Walt Whitman (1819–1892)