Nickel - World Production

World Production

Mine production and reserves 2010 2011 Reserves
Australia 170,000 180,000 24,000,000
Botswana 28,000 32,000 490,000
Brazil 59,100 83,000 8,700,000
Canada 158,000 200,000 3,300,000
China 79,000 80,000 3,000,000
Colombia 72,000 72,000 720,000
Cuba 70,000 74,000 5,500,000
Dominican Republic 0 14,000 1,000,000
Indonesia 232,000 230,000 3,900,000
Madagascar 15,000 25,000 1,600,000
New Caledonia 130,000 140,000 12,000,000
Philippines 173,000 230,000 1,100,000
Russia 269,000 280,000 6,000,000
South Africa 40,000 42,000 3,700,000
Other countries 99,000 100,000 4,600,000
World total (rounded) 1,590,000 1,800,000 80,000,000

In 2011, Russia was the largest producer of nickel with about one-fifth world share closely followed by Canada, Australia, and Indonesia and Philippines, as reported by the US Geological Survey. The largest deposits of nickel in non-Russian Europe are located in Finland and the second largest in Greece. A nickel deposit in western Turkey had been exploited, with this location being especially convenient for European smelters, steelmakers, and factories.

Identified land-based resources averaging 1% nickel or greater contain at least 130 million tons of nickel. About 60% is in laterites and 40% is in sulfide deposits. In addition, extensive deep-sea resources of nickel are in manganese crusts and nodules covering large areas of the ocean floor, particularly in the Pacific Ocean.

The one locality in the United States where nickel was commercially mined is Riddle, Oregon, where several square miles of nickel-bearing garnierite surface deposits are located. The mine closed in 1987. The Eagle mine project is a proposed new nickel mine in Michigan's upper peninsula.

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