**Mathematics As Profession**

Arguably the most prestigious award in mathematics is the Fields Medal, established in 1936 and now awarded every four years. The Fields Medal is often considered a mathematical equivalent to the Nobel Prize.

The Wolf Prize in Mathematics, instituted in 1978, recognizes lifetime achievement, and another major international award, the Abel Prize, was introduced in 2003. The Chern Medal was introduced in 2010 to recognize lifetime achievement. These accolades are awarded in recognition of a particular body of work, which may be innovational, or provide a solution to an outstanding problem in an established field.

A famous list of 23 open problems, called "Hilbert's problems", was compiled in 1900 by German mathematician David Hilbert. This list achieved great celebrity among mathematicians, and at least nine of the problems have now been solved. A new list of seven important problems, titled the "Millennium Prize Problems", was published in 2000. A solution to each of these problems carries a $1 million reward, and only one (the Riemann hypothesis) is duplicated in Hilbert's problems.

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### Famous quotes containing the words mathematics and/or profession:

“Why does man freeze to death trying to reach the North Pole? Why does man drive himself to suffer the steam and heat of the Amazon? Why does he stagger his mind with the *mathematics* of the sky? Once the question mark has arisen in the human brain the answer must be found, if it takes a hundred years. A thousand years.”

—Walter Reisch (1903–1963)

“It must be a moment of great satisfaction in your *profession* when the bolt is pulled, the noose tightens and you know that your murderer is done for.”

—Arnold Phillips, Max Nosseck (1902–1972)