Matching may refer to:

  • Matching, Essex, England
    • Matching Green
    • Matching Tye
  • Matching (graph theory), in graph theory, a set of edges without common vertices
  • Matching (statistics), a technique for reducing bias when analyzing data from observational studies
  • Matching gift
  • Matching principle, an accounting method
  • Matching theory (macroeconomics) the assigning of job candidates to vacancies
  • Matching, the process of allocating medical graduates to internship programs
  • Matchmaking, the process of introducing people for the purpose of marriage
  • Impedance matching, in electronics, attempting to make the output impedance of a source equal to the input impedance of the load to which it is ultimately connected
  • Pattern matching, in computer science, a way to recognize patterns in strings
  • String matching algorithm, in computer science, another simpler way to recognize patterns in strings
  • Matching, in finance, the matching process associates the two sides of a trade coming from two couterparties that negotiated an over-the-counter operation. Both sides have opposite directions: if A is buying a financial instrument from B, it is because B sold it. Matching trades is a necessary practice that reduces risk for settlement or delivery. Matching is the basic operation for clearing.