A judge is an official who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the parties of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling on the matter at hand based on his or her interpretation of the law and his or her own personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury. In inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate.
Famous quotes containing the word judge:
“Necessity does everything well. In our condition of universal dependence, it seems heroic to let the petitioner be the judge of his necessity, and to give all that is asked, though at great inconvenience.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Let the floods clap their hands; let the hills be joyful together.
Before the Lord; for he cometh to judge the earth; with
righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.”
—Bible: Hebrew Psalm XCVIII (l. XCVIII, 89)
“Twenty-two years ago Judge [then-Senator Stephen] Douglas and I first became acquainted. We were both young then; he a trifle younger than I. Even then, we were both ambitious; I, perhaps, quite as much so as he. With me, the race of ambition has been a failurea flat failure; with him it has been one of splendid success.”
—Abraham Lincoln (18091865)