Independent Contractor - An Independent Contractor in Tort

An Independent Contractor in Tort

The employer of an independent contractor is generally not held vicariously liable for the tortious acts and omissions of the contractor, because the control and supervision found in an employer-employee or Principal-Agent relationship is lacking. However, vicarious liability will be imposed in some circumstances:

  1. where the contractor injures an invitee to the real property of the employer,
  2. the contractor is involved in an ultra-hazardous activity (one likely to cause substantial injury, such as blasting with explosives), or
  3. the employer is estopped from denying liability because he has held out the independent contractor as if he were simply an employee or agent.
  4. the employer is involved in an operation subject to obligations imposed by an public authority

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