Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Although he was initially labelled a Fauve (wild beast), by the 1920s he was increasingly hailed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.
Read more about Henri Matisse: Early Life and Education, Fauvism, Gertrude Stein, Académie Matisse, and The Cone Sisters, Selected Paintings: Paris, 1901–1917, After Paris, The Cutouts, Last Years, Legacy, Partial List of Works, Books/Essays
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“Wounded pride can take a rich young man far who is surrounded by flatterers since birth.”
—Stendhal [Marie Henri Beyle] (17831842)