Fraud

Fraud

Tort law
Part of the common law series
Intentional torts
  • Assault
  • Battery
  • False imprisonment
  • Intentional infliction of
    emotional distress (IIED)
  • Transferred intent
Property torts
  • Trespass
    • land
    • chattels
  • Conversion
  • Detinue
  • Replevin
  • Trover
Defenses
  • Assumption of risk
  • Comparative negligence
  • Contributory negligence
  • Consent
  • Necessity
  • Statute of limitations
  • Self-defense
  • Defense of others
  • Defense of property
  • Shopkeeper's privilege
Negligence
  • Duty of care
  • Standard of care
  • Proximate cause
  • Res ipsa loquitur
  • Calculus of negligence
  • Rescue doctrine
  • Duty to rescue
Specific types Negligent infliction of
emotional distress (NIED)
  • Employment-related
  • Entrustment
  • Malpractice
    • legal
    • medical
Liability torts
  • Product liability
  • Quasi-tort
  • Ultrahazardous activity
Nuisance
  • Public nuisance
  • Rylands v. Fletcher
Dignitary torts
  • Defamation
  • Invasion of privacy
  • False light
  • Breach of confidence
  • Abuse of process
  • Malicious prosecution
  • Alienation of affections
  • Seduction
Economic torts
  • Fraud
  • Tortious interference
  • Conspiracy
  • Restraint of trade
Liability, remedies
  • Last clear chance
  • Eggshell skull
  • Vicarious liability
  • Volenti non fit injuria
  • Ex turpi causa non oritur actio
  • Neutral reportage
  • Damages
  • Injunction
  • Torts and conflict of laws
  • Joint and several liability
  • Comparative responsibility
  • Market share liability
Duty to visitors
  • Trespassers
  • Licensees
  • Invitees
  • Attractive nuisance
Other common law areas
  • Contracts
  • Criminal law
  • Evidence
  • Property
  • Wills, trusts and estates
Portals
  • Law

In criminal law, a fraud is an intentional deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual; the related adjective is fraudulent. The specific legal definition varies by legal jurisdiction. Fraud is a crime, and also a civil law violation. Defrauding people or entities of money or valuables is a common purpose of fraud.

A hoax also involves deception, but without the intention of gain or of damaging or depriving the victim.

Read more about Fraud:  Cost of Fraud, Types of Fraudulent Acts, Anti-fraud Movements, Fraud Detection, Notable Fraudsters, Related

Famous quotes containing the word fraud:

    There exists in a great part of the Northern people a gloomy diffidence in the moral character of the government. On the broaching of this question, as general expression of despondency, of disbelief that any good will accrue from a remonstrance on an act of fraud and robbery, appeared in those men to whom we naturally turn for aid and counsel. Will the American government steal? Will it lie? Will it kill?—We ask triumphantly.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    He saw, he wish’d, and to the prize aspir’d.
    Resolv’d to win, he meditates the way,
    By force to ravish, or by fraud betray;
    For when success a lover’s toil attends,
    Few ask, if fraud or force attain’d his ends.
    Alexander Pope (1688–1744)

    The disfranchisement of a single legal elector by fraud or intimidation is a crime too grave to be regarded lightly.
    Benjamin Harrison (1833–1901)