Eriksson is a common Swedish patronymic surname meaning "son of Erik", itself an Old Norse given name. There are other spelling variations of this surname such as Erikson, Ericson, Ericsson and Erixon. Erikson is uncommon as a given name.

Notable people with the surname include:

  • Charlotta Eriksson (1794-1862), Swedish actress
  • Erik Homburger Erikson (born 1902), developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst
  • Felix Eriksson (born 1992), Swedish professional ice hockey player
  • Kenneth Eriksson (born 1956), Swedish rally driver
  • Leif Eriksson (Leifr Eiríksson) (c. 970 – c. 1020), Icelandic-born Norse explorer, son of Erik the Red
  • Lena Eriksson (born 1972), Swedish breaststroke swimmer
  • Matz Robert Eriksson (born 1972), Swedish drummer
  • Sven-Göran Eriksson (born 1948, in Sunne, Sweden), Swedish football manager
  • Ursula and Sabina Eriksson, born in Sunne, Sweden, are Swedish identical twins, who survived suicide attempts by being run over by motorway traffic in front of the Police, with Sabina committing manslaughter the following day, in the UK in 2008