Electoral Systems of The Australian States and Territories

Electoral Systems Of The Australian States And Territories

For elections to the Australian Parliament, see the Australian electoral system.

The legislatures of the Australian states and territories all follow the Westminster model described in the Australian electoral system. When the Australian colonies were granted responsible government in the nineteenth century, their constitutions provided for legislative assemblies (lower houses) elected by the people from single-member constituencies, with all adult males able to vote. This was considerably more democratic than the system which existed in the United Kingdom at that time. To balance this democratic element, however, the legislative councils which had existed before responsible government were retained as upper houses, whose members were either nominated by the Governor or elected on a restricted franchise. This ensured that the upper houses were dominated by representatives of the wealthy. In the twentieth century, the Legislative Council of Queensland was abolished, while direct elections on a broad franchise were eventually introduced for all of the remainder.

Read more about Electoral Systems Of The Australian States And Territories:  Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Australian Capital Territory, Northern Territory

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