The drug policy of Sweden is based on zero tolerance, including cannabis, focusing on prevention, treatment, and control, aiming to reduce both the supply of and demand for illegal drugs. Enforcement features widespread drug testing, and penalties ranging from rehabilitation treatment, and fines to prison sentences up to ten years long. The general drug policy is supported by all major political parties, and according to the opinion polls, the restrictive approach receives broad support from the public. A study conducted in 2000 supports the view that the new, tougher policy has had a preventive effect on drug use. A report by the UNODC praised Sweden for having one of the lowest drug usage rates in the western world, and attributes this to a drug policy that invests heavily in prevention and treatment (including free community services), as well as in strict law enforcement.
The conclusions of the UNODC report have been criticized for being unscientific and fundamentally biased in favor of repressive drug laws, since Sweden was the fourth largest donor to the UNODC in 2007. According to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), in 2005, the rate of drug-related deaths per capita in Sweden was more than twice that of the Netherlands. White House Drug Policy Director Kerlikowske in 2011 cited Sweden's Drug Control Policies as Model for U.S; prevalence rates for cocaine use in Sweden are barely one-fifth of European neighbors such as the United Kingdom and Spain.
Read more about Drug Policy Of Sweden: History, Implementation, Imprisonment For Drug Crimes, Number of Drug-related Deaths, Drugs and Driving, Health Care For Drug Abusers, Cannabis in Health Care, Hemp
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