Damping Ratio

The damping ratio is a parameter, usually denoted by ΞΆ (zeta), that characterizes the frequency response of a second order ordinary differential equation. It is particularly important in the study of control theory. It is also important in the harmonic oscillator.

The damping ratio provides a mathematical means of expressing the level of damping in a system relative to critical damping. For a damped harmonic oscillator with mass m, damping coefficient c, and spring constant k, it can be defined as the ratio of the damping coefficient in the system's differential equation to the critical damping coefficient:

where the system's equation of motion is

and the corresponding critical damping coefficient is

The damping ratio is dimensionless, being the ratio of two coefficients of identical units.

Read more about Damping Ratio:  Derivation, Q Factor and Decay Rate, Logarithmic Decrement

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