- In most modern European languages, the first word in a sentence is capitalized, as is the first word in any quoted sentence. (For example: Nana said, "There are ripe watermelons in the garden!")
- The first word of a sentence is not capitalized in most modern editions of ancient Greek and, to a lesser extent, Latin texts. The distinction between lower and upper case was not introduced before the Middle Ages; in antiquity only the capital forms of letters were used.
- For some items, many style guides recommend that initial capitalization is avoided by not putting the item at the beginning of a sentence, or by writing it in lowercase even at the beginning of a sentence. Such scientific terms have their own rules about capitalization which take precedence over the standard initial capitalization rule. For example pH would be liable to cause confusion if written PH, and initial m and M may even have different meanings, milli and mega, for example 2 MA (megamperes) is a billion times 2 mA (milliamperes). Increasingly nowadays, some trade marks and company names start with a lower-case letter, and similar considerations apply.
- In Dutch, 't, 'n, and 's are never capitalized, even at the start of sentences. Capitalization (e.g. at the start of a sentence) is applied to the next word. Example: 's Avonds eet ik graag vis. "In the evenings I like having fish." (See Compound names below.) In German, if the first letter of a text or a sentence has been replaced by an apostrophe (usually to emulate spoken language), it will not be capitalised, and the following word will only be capitalized if it is a noun, as described above. Example: 's ist schade ... (similar to English "'tis a shame ...").
- Traditionally, the first words of a line of verse are capitalized, e.g.:
Meanwhile the winged Heralds, by command
Of sovereign power, with awful ceremony
And trumpet's sound, throughout the host proclaim
A solemn council forthwith to be held
At Pandemonium, the high capital
Of Satan and his peers. (Milton, Paradise Lost I:752–756)
- Modern poets often ignore or defy this convention.
- In the U.S., headlines and titles of works typically use title case, in which certain words (such as nouns, adjectives and verbs) are capitalized and others (such as prepositions and conjunctions) are not.
Read more about this topic: Capitalization
Other articles related to "contexts, context":
... There are however many albums specifically designed for personal listening ... The mix CD is a particularly popular form of release, with a big name DJ/producer mixing live, or on a computer, a variety of tracks for personal listening ...
... by arguing that all knowledge is situated in activity bound to social, cultural and physical contexts ... In essence, cognition cannot be separated from the context ... Instead knowing exists, in situ, inseparable from context, activity, people, culture, and language ...
... Context almost always plays a part in communication as do other factors such as the author's intentions, the relationship between the sender and ... information as is needed in any given context, so that the audience can recover their intended meaning from what was said/written as well as from the context and implications ... In this conceptual model, the author takes into account the context of the communication and the mutual cognitive environment between the author and the audience ...
... Context (computing), the virtual environment required to suspend a running software program Context awareness, a complementary to location awareness Context menu, a menu in a ...
... Cultural contexts The most important consideration when designing a sampling strategy for a cultural context is to fit the sampling design to the research objectives ... Natural contexts Sampling a natural context, typically for the purpose of environmental reconstruction, should be done in a context that is free of disturbances ... Bottom deposits of lakes are usually a good context for phytolith samples, because wind often will carry phytoliths from the topsoil and deposit them on water ...
Famous quotes containing the word context:
“Among the most valuable but least appreciated experiences parenthood can provide are the opportunities it offers for exploring, reliving, and resolving ones own childhood problems in the context of ones relation to ones child.”
—Bruno Bettelheim (20th century)
“The hippie is the scion of surplus value. The dropout can only claim sanctity in a society which offers something to be dropped out ofcareer, ambition, conspicuous consumption. The effects of hippie sanctimony can only be felt in the context of others who plunder his lifestyle for what they find good or profitable, a process known as rip-off by the hippie, who will not see how savagely he has pillaged intricate and demanding civilizations for his own parodic lifestyle.”
—Germaine Greer (b. 1939)