Capitalization (or capitalisationsee spelling differences) is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in lower case. This of course only applies to those writing systems which have a case distinction. The term is also used for the choice of case in text.

Conventional writing systems (orthographies) for different languages have different conventions for capitalization.

The systematic use of capitalized and uncapitalized words in running text is called "mixed case". Conventions for the capitalization of titles and other classes of words vary between languages, and to a lesser extent between different style guides.

In some written languages, it is not obvious what is meant by the "first letter": for example, the South-Slavic digraph 'lj' is considered as a single character for collation purposes (a situation which occurs in many other languages) and can be represented by a single Unicode character, but at the start of a word it is written 'Lj': only the L is capitalised. In contrast, in Dutch, the digraph 'ij' (known as the Dutch 'Y') is fully capitalized in initial position, for instance in the name of the city of IJmuiden.

Read more about Capitalization:  Parts of Speech, By Context

Other articles related to "capitalization, capitalizations":

Capitalization - Special Cases - Case-sensitive English Words
... In English, there are even a few words whose meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) varies with capitalization ... See List of case-sensitive English words ...
SMS Language - Linguistic Properties and Style - Paralinguistic and Prosodic Features - Capitalization
... In the case of capitalization in SMS language, there are three scenarios SMS messages with No capitalization Capitalization of only the first word Full capitalization as appropriate that conforms to all grammatical ... Use of capitalizations on the first word of a message may in fact, not be intentional, and may likely be due to the default capitalization setting of ... Capitalization too may encode prosodic elements, where copious use may signify the textual equivalent of raised voice to indicate heightened emotion ...
Polish Orthography - Capitalization
... Titles such as pan ("Mr"), pani ("Mrs/Ms"), doktor etc ... and their abbreviations are not capitalized, except in polite address ...
Spanish Orthography - Orthography - Capitalization
... Capitalization in Spanish is sparse compared to English ... In general, only personal and place names, some abbreviations (e.g ...