Aramaic of Jesus - Aramaic Personal Names in The New Testament

Aramaic Personal Names in The New Testament

Personal names in the New Testament come from a number of languages, Hebrew and Greek are most common. However, there are a good few Aramaic names as well. The most prominent feature in Aramaic names is 'bar' (Greek transliteration βαρ, Aramaic bar), meaning 'son of', a common patronym prefix. Its Hebrew equivalent, 'ben', is conspicuous by its absence. Some examples are:

  • Matthew 10:3 — Bartholomew (Βαρθολομαιος from bar-Tôlmay, perhaps 'son of furrows' or 'ploughman').
  • Matthew 16:17 — Simon bar-Jona (Σιμων Βαριωνας from Šim`ôn bar-Yônâ, 'Simon son of Jonah').
  • John 1:42 — Simon bar-Jochanan ('Simon son of John').
  • Matthew 27:16 — Barabbas (Βαραββας from bar-Abbâ, 'son of the father').
  • Mark 10:46 — Bartimaeus (Βαρτιμαιος possibly from combination of Aramaic bar and Greek timaeus meaning 'honorable' or 'highly prized', perhaps 'honorable son').
  • Acts 1:23 — Barsabbas (Βαρσαββας from bar-Šabbâ, 'son of the Sabbath').
  • Acts 4:36 — Joseph who is called Barnabas (Βαρναβας from bar-Navâ meaning 'son of prophecy, the prophet', but given the Greek translation υιος παρακλησεως; usually translated as 'son of consolation/encouragement', the Greek could mean 'invocation' as well).
  • Acts 13:6 — Bar-Jesus (Βαριησους from bar-Yêšû`, 'son of Jesus/Joshua').

Read more about this topic:  Aramaic Of Jesus

Famous quotes containing the words personal, names and/or testament:

    Women’s rights is not only an abstraction, a cause; it is also a personal affair. It is not only about “us”; it is also about me and you. Just the two of us.
    Toni Morrison (b. 1931)

    The pangs of conscience, where are the pangs of conscience? Orestes and Clytemnestra, Reinhold doesn’t even know the names of those fine folk. He simply hopes, heartily and sincerely, that Franz is dead as a doornail and won’t be found.
    Alfred Döblin (1878–1957)

    It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
    —Bible: New Testament Jesus, in Matthew, 19:24.