Tibet (i/tɨˈbɛt/; Tibetan: བོད་, Wylie: Bod, ; simplified Chinese: 藏区; traditional Chinese: 藏區; pinyin: Zàngqū) is a plateau region in Asia, north-east of the Himalayas. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpas, Qiang, and Lhobas, and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han and Hui people. Tibet is the highest region on earth, with an average elevation of 4,900 metres (16,000 ft).

Tibet emerged in the 7th century as a unified empire, but it soon divided into a variety of territories. The bulk of western and central Tibet were often at least nominally unified under a series of Tibetan governments in Lhasa, Shigatse, or nearby locations; these governments were at various times under Mongol and Chinese overlordship. The eastern regions of Kham and Amdo often maintained a more decentralized indigenous political structure, being divided among a number of small principalities and tribal groups, while also often falling more directly under Chinese rule; most of this area was eventually incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai. Following the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1912, Qing soldiers were disarmed and escorted out of Tibet. The region declared its independence in 1913. The region maintained its autonomy until 1951 when, following a military conflict, Tibet was incorporated into the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the previous Tibetan government was abolished in 1959. Today, the PRC governs western and central Tibet as the Tibet Autonomous Region while eastern areas are mostly within Sichuan and Qinghai provinces. There are tensions regarding Tibet's political status and dissident groups are active in exile.

The economy of Tibet is dominated by subsistence agriculture, though tourism has become a growing industry in Tibet in recent decades. The dominant religion in Tibet is Tibetan Buddhism, in addition there is Bön which was the indigenous religion of Tibet before the arrival of Buddhism in the 7th century CE (Bön is now similar to Tibetan Buddhism ) though there are also Muslim and Christian minorities. Tibetan Buddhism is a primary influence on the art, music, and festivals of the region. Tibetan architecture reflects Chinese and Indian influences. Staple foods in Tibet are roasted barley, yak meat, and butter tea.

Read more about Tibet:  Names, Language, History, Geography, Government, Economy, Demographics

Other articles related to "tibet":

British Expedition To Tibet
... The British expedition to Tibet during 1903 and 1904 was an invasion of Tibet by British Indian forces, whose mission was to establish diplomatic relations and trade between the British Raj and Tibet ... and Sikkim, occupying the whole southern flank of Tibet, which remained the only Himalayan kingdom free of British influence ... Additionally, the British government attempted to deal with Tibet directly prior to China's invasion of Tibet however, repeated efforts to establish relations and trade with Tibet failed ...
British Expedition To Tibet - Aftermath
... Tibet did not have any substantial international trade commodities and already accepted the borders of its neighbours ... territory or to interfere in the administration of Tibet", while China engaged "not to permit any other foreign state to interfere with the territory or internal administration of Tibet" ... Qing China sent a military expedition of its own to Tibet for direct rule ...
British Expedition To Tibet - Entry To Lhasa
... It allowed the British to trade in Yadong, Gyantse, and Gartok called for Tibet to pay a large indemnity (500,000 pounds subsequently this sum was reduced), ceding the Chumbi Valley to Britain until it was paid ... treaty, and Britain later announced that it still accepted Chinese claims of authority over Tibet ... Qing court, also agreed "not to annex Tibetan territory or to interfere in the administration of Tibet", while China engaged "not to permit any other foreign state to interfere with the ...
Tibet - Culture - Cuisine
... The most important crop in Tibet is barley, and dough made from barley flour—called tsampa—is the staple food of Tibet ... Mustard seed is cultivated in Tibet, and therefore features heavily in its cuisine ...
Tibetan Clothing - Cuisine
... The Cuisine of Tibet is quite distinct from that of its neighbours, since only a few crops (not including rice) grow at such high altitude ... Dough made from barley flour, called tsampa, is the staple food of Tibet ... Mustard seed is cultivated in Tibet, and therefore features heavily in its cuisine ...

Famous quotes containing the word tibet:

    They have their belief, these poor Tibet people, that Providence sends down always an Incarnation of Himself into every generation. At bottom some belief in a kind of pope! At bottom still better, a belief that there is a Greatest Man; that he is discoverable; that, once discovered, we ought to treat him with an obedience which knows no bounds. This is the truth of Grand Lamaism; the “discoverability” is the only error here.
    Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881)

    Ever since you came back from Tibet I’ve had a feeling you were planning to divorce me and marry a laboratory.
    John Colton (1886–1946)