Sofia

Sofia (Bulgarian: София, ) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria and the 15th largest city in the European Union with a population of 1.3 million people. It is located in western Bulgaria, at the foot of Mount Vitosha and approximately at the centre of the Balkan Peninsula.

Prehistoric settlements were excavated in the centre of the present city, near the royal palace, as well as in outer districts Slatina and Obelya. The well-preserved town walls (especially their substructures) date back before the 7th century BC, when Thracians established their city around a mineral spring, which exists to the present day. Sofia has had several names in the different periods of its existence. Its ancient name, Serdika or Serdica, derives from the local Celtic tribe of the serdi who inhabited the region since the 1st century BC. Serdica was a Roman capital during the tetrarchic system of government. During the Middle Ages, it was one of the major commercial centres of the Bulgarian Empire, along with Tarnovo. Sofia's population remained small until 1879, when it was declared a capital of the Principality of Bulgaria after the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule.

Sofia has been ranked by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a beta- world city. Many of the major universities, cultural institutions, and businesses of Bulgaria are concentrated in Sofia.

Read more about Sofia:  Names, Geography, Demographics, Economy, Transport and Infrastructure, Education, Notable Residents, Honour

Other articles related to "sofia":

Todor Yanchev - Career
... In the summer break of 2000 CSKA Sofia signed Yanchev ... In 2007, Todor returned to Bulgaria, to join CSKA Sofia for the second time ... The defensive midfielder, was one of eight players who was fired by CSKA Sofia on 27 July 2012 and he was appointed for assistant coach, but on 6 ...
Triaditsa, Sofia - Economy
... City Center Sofia Mall is located in the north-eastern edge of "Ivan Vazov" neighbourhood between Hilton Hotel Sofia and Hotel Hemus.Triaditsa Region is ...
Slavia Sofia (sports Club)
... Slavia Sofia is a sports club from Sofia, Bulgaria, founded in 1913 ... HC Slavia Sofia, ice hockey team PFC Slavia Sofia, football team ...
Daniel Peev - Career
... Daniel had short reigns at Lokomotiv Sofia and Levski Sofia ... for his team in the 10 win against Levski Sofia in a 1/2 final of the Bulgarian Cup ... the only footballer who was able to score against all metropolitan teams - Levski Sofia, CSKA Sofia, Lokomotiv Sofia and Slavia Sofia ...
Dobromir Tashkov - Honours - Individual
... Scorer 3 times 1951/52 (with 10 goals for Spartak Sofia) 1953/54 (with 25 goals for Slavia Sofia) 1957/58 (with 09 goals for Slavia Sofia) ...