The shape (Old English: gesceap, created thing) of an object located in some space is a geometrical description of the part of that space occupied by the object, as determined by its external boundary – abstracting from location and orientation in space, size, and other properties such as colour, content, and material composition.
Mathematician and statistician David George Kendall writes:
In this paper ‘shape’ is used in the vulgar sense, and means what one would normally expect it to mean. We here define ‘shape’ informally as ‘all the geometrical information that remains when location, scale and rotational effects are filtered out from an object.’
Simple shapes can be described by basic geometry objects such as a set of two or more points, a line, a curve, a plane, a plane figure (e.g. square or circle), or a solid figure (e.g. cube or sphere). Most shapes occurring in the physical world are complex. Some, such as plant structures and coastlines, may be so arbitrary as to defy traditional mathematical description – in which case they may be analyzed by differential geometry, or as fractals.
Other articles related to "shape, shapes":
... He tried streamlining the shape to reduce drag, but this resulted in a disc that was more unstable in flight ... Eventually, he turned his attention to the ring shape ... After testing several models, the ideal shape was found, and the Aerobie was produced ...
... by their natural markings and facial features, such as fur color and patterning, ear shape, and face shape and pigmentation ... Their sex can usually be determined within a week or so of birth, based on the shape and positioning of their genitalia ...
... All similar triangles have the same shape ... These shapes can be classified using complex numbers in a method advanced by J.A ... Lester and Artzy call the ratio S(u,v,w) = (u −w)/(u − v) the shape of triangle (u, v, w) ...
... Tetrahedrons and other shapes are available ... Cartons with a hexagonal or octagonal cross sections are sometimes used for specialty items ...
... The shape of water retention curves can be characterized by several models, one of them known as the van Genuchten model where is the water retention curve is suction pressure ( or cm of water ... parametrization a prediction model for the shape of the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity - saturation - pressure relationship was developed ...
Famous quotes containing the word shape:
“Thus Kent, O princes, bids you all adieu;
Hell shape his old course in a country new.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“The universal moments of child rearing are in fact nothing less than a confrontation with the most basic problems of living in society: a facing through ones children of all the conflicts inherent in human relationships, a clarification of issues that were unresolved in ones own growing up. The experience of child rearing not only can strengthen one as an individual but also presents the opportunity to shape human relationships of the future.”
—Elaine Heffner (20th century)
“We shape our buildings: thereafter they shape us.”
—Winston Churchill (18741965)