Programming Language

A programming language is an artificial language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs that control the behavior of a machine and/or to express algorithms precisely.

The earliest programming languages predate the invention of the computer, and were used to direct the behavior of machines such as Jacquard looms and player pianos. Thousands of different programming languages have been created, mainly in the computer field, with many being created every year. Most programming languages describe computation in an imperative style, i.e., as a sequence of commands, although some languages, such as those that support functional programming or logic programming, use alternative forms of description.

The description of a programming language is usually split into the two components of syntax (form) and semantics (meaning). Some languages are defined by a specification document (for example, the C programming language is specified by an ISO Standard), while other languages, such as Perl 5 and earlier, have a dominant implementation that is used as a reference.

Read more about Programming LanguageDefinitions, Elements, Design and Implementation, Usage, Taxonomies

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... The following is list of researchers of programming language theory, design, implementation, and related areas ... Paul Abrahams, former president of ACM, developer of SPLASH systems programming language John Backus, leader of the team that developed FORTRAN, developer of BNF Friedrich L ... James Gosling, father of the Java programming language ...
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... SAS Language has separate sub components called the Output Delivery System (ODS), SAS Macro Language, and SAS SQL steps ... The SAS Macro language is used for repeatable steps ... A illustrative example of SAS Macro Language is below ...
System Verilog DPI
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