Primogeniture

Primogeniture is the right, by law or custom, of the firstborn to inherit the entire estate, to the exclusion of younger siblings (compare to ultimogeniture). Historically, the term implied male primogeniture, to the exclusion of females. In the absence of children, inheritance passed to collateral relatives, in order of seniority of their lines of descent. The eligible descendants of deceased elder siblings take precedence over those of younger siblings, such that inheritance is settled in the manner of a depth-first search.

The principle has applied in history to inheritance of real property (land) and inherited titles and offices, most notably monarchies.

Variations on primogeniture modify the right of the first-born son to the entirety of a family's inheritance (see appanage) or, in the West since World War II with the wider promotion of feminism, eliminate the preference for male over female siblings. Six monarchies in Europe have eliminated male preference: Sweden, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark and Luxembourg. The type of marriage prevalent in each culture plays a crucial role in the adoption of differing primogenitures.

Read more about Primogeniture:  Significance, History

Other articles related to "primogeniture":

Primogeniture - History - Historical Examples
... A case of agnatic primogeniture is exemplified in the French royal milieu, where the Salic law (attributed to the Salian Franks) forbade any inheritance of a crown through the female line ... instead as well of both Agnatic-cognatic primogeniture or Male-preference cognatic primogeniture and the resulting heirs) ... of King William IV his niece Victoria inherited the British crown under male-preference primogeniture but, because of semi-Salic law, was ineligible to that of Hanover, which ...
List Of Monarchs In The Americas - Current Monarchies
... apparent Antigua and Barbuda Kingdom constitutional and federal Cognatic primogeniture Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 Charles, Prince of Wales The Bahamas Kingdom ...
Monarchies In Africa - Some Contemporary Monarchies
... be determined by Senate of Lesotho when necessary Morocco Kingdom constitutional Agnatic primogeniture Mohammed VI 23 July 1999 Moulay Hassan, Crown Prince of Morocco ...
Monarchies In Europe - Succession Laws
... The succession order is determined by primogeniture in most European monarchies ... Netherlands, Norway and Sweden now adhere to equal primogeniture, whereby the eldest child inherits the throne, regardless of gender Monaco, Spain and the United ... him in turn, with no older sisters who would be skipped under the current male primogeniture laws), the change has repeatedly been postponed to a later time ...
Shingo Haketa
... by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, promoter of absolute primogeniture, Haketa is known as a supporter of the report submitted by the Advisory Council on ... Tomohito of Mikasa for his comment that agnatic primogeniture should be kept, and requested the members of the Imperial House to refrain from expressing their opinion on the succession ...