Polygamy (from πολύς γάμος polys gamos, translated literally in Late Greek as "many married") is a marriage which includes more than two partners. When a man is married to more than one wife at a time, the relationship is called polygyny, and there is no marriage bond between the wives; and when a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, it is called polyandry, and there is no marriage bond between the husbands. If a marriage includes multiple husbands and wives, it can be called group marriage. The term is used in related ways in social anthropology, sociobiology, sociology, as well as in popular speech. In social anthropology, polygamy is the practice of a person's making him/herself available for two or more spouses to mate with. In contrast, monogamy is a marriage consisting of only two parties. Like monogamy, the term is often used in a de facto sense, applying regardless of whether the relationships are recognized by the state (see marriage for a discussion on the extent to which states can and do recognize potentially and actually polygamous forms as valid). In sociobiology and zoology, polygamy is used in a broad sense to mean any form of multiple mating.

  • Family
  • Kinship
  • Siblings
  • Cousin
  • Marriage
  • Husband
  • Wife
  • Friendship
    • romantic
  • Significant other
  • Boyfriend
  • Girlfriend
  • Casual
  • Cohabitation
  • Same-sex relationship
  • Sexual partner
  • Monogamy
  • Non-monogamy
  • Open marriage
  • Polyamory
  • Cicisbeo
  • Concubinage
  • Courtesan
  • Mistress
  • Bonding
  • Courtship
  • Dating
  • Mating
  • Meet market
  • Romance
  • Singles event
  • Wedding
Ending of
  • Breakup
  • Divorce
  • Separation
  • Widowhood
  • Affinity
  • Attachment
  • Compersion
  • Intimacy
  • Jealousy
  • Limerence
  • Platonic love
  • Unconditional love
Human practices
  • Bride price
    • Dower
    • Dowry
  • Hypergamy
  • Infidelity
  • Sexual activity
  • Transgression
  • Repression
  • Child
  • Dating
  • Domestic
  • Elderly
Legal status of polygamy
Recognized under civil law
  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Brunei
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • Chad
  • CAR
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Djibouti
  • Egypt
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • The Gambia
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Libya
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco
  • Myanmar
  • Niger
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palestine
  • Qatar
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Singapore
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Syria
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • UAE
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
Recognized in some regions
  • Eritrea
  • Nigeria (BA, BO, GO, JI, KD, KA, KT, KE, NI, SO, YO, ZA)
Foreign marriages recognized
  • Australia (welfare only)
  • New Zealand
  • United Kingdom (welfare only)
Recognized under customary law
  • Botswana
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Kenya
  • Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Nigeria
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Africa
  • Swaziland
  • Zimbabwe
Status in other jurisdictions
  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Burundi
  • Canada
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • DR Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • Ghana
  • Iraqi Kurdistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Laos
  • Mayotte (FR)
  • Mauritius
  • Mongolia
  • Niue
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Nigeria
  • United States
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vietnam
See also
  • Polygamy
  • Polygyny
  • Polyandry
  • Non-monogamy
  • Polygamy by country
  • Marriage practice by country
  • Illegal in all forms; Muslims exempt
  • Regions governed by Sharia
  • In certain countries and regions, only Muslims may legally contract a polygamous marriage

Read more about Polygamy:  Forms of Polygamy, Patterns of Occurrence Worldwide, Polygamy By Country

Other articles related to "polygamy":

Latter Day Saint Polygamy In The Late 19th Century - Polygamy in The 20th Century
... Currently the LDS church does not sanction polygamy and considers practitioners to be apostate and worthy of excommunication ... The church still confirms that polygamy is a divine doctrine, but that observation of the practice is currently prohibited by God ... The Community of Christ does not, nor has ever adhered to the practice of polygamy ...
Sarah Henrickson - Biography - Season 1
... she was a child to follow the fundamentalist principle of polygamy ... Sarah always hated polygamy and rejects the idea of becoming involved in polygamy in her own romantic relationships ...
Latter Day Saint Polygamy In The Late 19th Century - Life Under Polygamy - Public Opposition and Anti-Mormon Agitation
... Opponents of the LDS Church found in polygamy a convenient cause célèbre ... to the Church, especially among former Mormons, frequently focused, not upon the drawbacks of polygamy as a marriage system, but upon polygamy as a ...
Polygamy in Fiction and Popular Culture - Contemporary Setting
... It is about Ann Eliza Young, one of Brigham Young's wives, and the legacy of Mormon polygamy in the United States today ... Big Love explores the complex legal, moral, and religious issues associated with polygamy in Utah ... a reality television series entitled Sister Wives, which deals with polygamy by a self-described fundamentalist Mormon family in modern day Utah ...
Latter Day Saint Polygamy In The Late 19th Century
... Latter Day Saint movement (also known as Mormonism), were practicing the doctrine of polygamy or "plural marriage" ... posthumously to Smith, and the practice of polygamy began among Mormons at large, principally in Utah where The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) had ... In the years after the church began practicing polygamy, it drew intense scrutiny and criticism from the United States government ...