Joseph Smith, Jr. (December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was an American religious leader and the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, the predominant branch of which is Mormonism. At age twenty-four, Smith published the Book of Mormon, and in the next fourteen years he attracted thousands of followers, established cities and temples, and created a lasting religious culture.
Smith was born in Sharon, Vermont, and by 1817 had moved with his family to the burned-over district of western New York, an area repeatedly swept by religious revivals during the Second Great Awakening. The Smiths believed in visions and prophecies, and participated in folk religious practices typical of the era. According to Smith, beginning in the early 1820s he had visions, in one of which an angel directed him to a buried book of golden plates inscribed with a Judeo-Christian history of ancient American civilizations. In 1830, he published what he said was an English translation of these plates as the Book of Mormon and organized the Church of Christ as a restoration of the early Christian church. Church members were later called Latter Day Saints, Saints, or Mormons.
In 1831, Smith and his followers moved west with plans to build a communalistic American Zion. They gathered in Kirtland, Ohio, and established an outpost in Independence, Missouri, intended to be Zion's "center place". During the 1830s, Smith sent out missionaries, published revelations, and supervised construction of an expensive temple. However, due to the collapse of a church-sponsored bank and violent skirmishes with angry non-Mormon Missourians, Smith's dreams of building Zion in Missouri and Ohio failed by the end of the decade. In the early 1840s, Smith established a new city called Nauvoo, Illinois, where he served as mayor and militia commander. In 1844, Smith and the Nauvoo City Council angered non-Mormons by destroying a printing press after it was used to publish an exposé critical of Smith's power and practice of polygamy. During the ensuing turmoil, Smith was imprisoned in Carthage, Illinois, and killed when a mob stormed the jailhouse.
During his lifetime Smith published many revelations and other texts that are regarded as scripture by his followers. His teachings include unique views about the nature of God, cosmology, family structures, political organization, and religious collectivism. His followers regard him as a prophet of at least the stature of Moses and Elijah. Smith's legacy includes a number of religious denominations, the largest of which are the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Community of Christ.
Read more about Joseph Smith: Revelations
Other articles related to "smith, joseph smith, smiths, joseph":
... Unlike the majority of Latter Day Saints, Emma Smith did not follow Brigham Young's suggestion that the Latter Day Saints leave Nauvoo and settle in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah ... Her husband Joseph Smith had been killed in 1844, and after his death Emma Smith decided to remain in Nauvoo ... On 23 December 1847, Bidamon and Smith were married in Nauvoo by a Methodist circuit rider ...
... Many historians claim that Joseph Smith, Jr ... Smith, and the leading quorums of his church, publicly denied he taught or practiced it ... The first publication of a list of women alleged to be Smith's plural wives was in 1887, by assistant LDS church historian Andrew Jenson ...
... See also List of the wives of Joseph Smith and Children of Joseph Smith Smith wed Emma Hale in January 1827 ... When the twins died, the Smiths adopted twins, Julia and Joseph, whose mother had recently died in childbirth ... Joseph died of measles in 1832.) Joseph and Emma Smith had four sons who lived to maturity Joseph Smith III (November 6, 1832), Frederick Granger Williams Smith (June 29, 1836 ...
... with journalist Wilhelm Wyl, Sarah Pratt alleged that Joseph Smith allowed Bennett, a medical doctor, to perform abortions on Smith's polygamous wives who were officially single ... likely true," according to author Andrew Smith, Bennett was accused by many of performing abortions, including Hyrum Smith Zeruiah Goddard claimed Bennett told Sarah Pratt "that he could cause ... recounted an incident in which “ "a little job for Joseph one of his women was in trouble." Saying this, he took a pretty long instrument of a kind I had never seen before ...
... that, while in Nauvoo around 1840 or 1841, Joseph Smith was attracted to her and intended to make her "one of his spiritual wives." According to Bennett, while Orson was in England on missionary service, Smith ... that is enough for me." Also according to Bennett, Smith made three additional proposals ... Bennett's account, Pratt issued an ultimatum to Smith "Joseph, if you ever attempt any thing of the kind with me again, I will tell Mr ...
Famous quotes containing the word smith:
“My country, tis of thee,
Sweet land of liberty,
Of thee I sing;
Land where my fathers died,
Land of the pilgrims pride,
From every mountain-side
Let freedom ring!”
—Samuel Francis Smith (18081895)