Police

The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder. Their powers include the legitimized use of force. The term is most commonly associated with police services of a state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined legal or territorial area of responsibility. Police forces are often defined as being separate from military or other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors; however, gendarmerie and military police are military units charged with civil policing.

Law enforcement, however, constitutes only part of policing activity. Policing has included an array of activities in different situations, but the predominant ones are concerned with the preservation of order. In some societies, in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, these developed within the context of maintaining the class system and the protection of private property. Some parts of the world may suffer from police corruption.

Alternative names for police force include constabulary, gendarmerie, police department, police service, crime prevention, protective services, law enforcement agency, civil guard or civic guard. Members may be referred to as police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers or civic/civil guards. Police of the Soviet-era Eastern Europe were (or are, in some cases, as in Belarus) called the militsiya. The Irish police are called the Garda Síochána ("guardians of the peace"); a police officer is called a garda. As police are often in conflict with individuals, slang terms are numerous. Many slang terms for police officers are decades or centuries old with lost etymology.

Read more about PoliceEtymology, Personnel and Organization, Varying Jurisdictions, Transnational Policing, Strategies, Power Restrictions, Conduct and Accountability, International Forces

Other articles related to "police":

Politics Of The Solomon Islands - Military
... by Solomon Islands, although the Royal Solomon Islands Police Force (RSIP) of nearly 500 includes a border protection element ... The police also have responsibility for fire service, disaster relief, and maritime surveillance ... The police force is headed by a commissioner, appointed by the Governor General and responsible to the prime minister ...
Politics Of Uzbekistan - Crackdown On Islamic Fundamentalism
... The police force and the SNB use torture as a routine investigation technique ... Four police officers and three SNB officers have been convicted ... However in May 2005, hundreds were killed by police in a massacre of protesters in the city of Andijan ...
Luton - Governance - Police and Crime Commissioner
... Luton is served by Bedfordshire Police ... The Police Commissioner is Olly Martins who lives in the High Town area of the town ...
Muckleshoot People - Police
... The Muckleshoot Indian Tribe contracts with the King County Sheriff's Office for police services ... Deputies assigned to the Muckleshoot reservation include six patrol officers, one school resource officer, and one chief assigned full-time to the reservation ...
Police - International Forces
... particularly those with a federal system of government, there may be several police or policelike organizations, each serving different levels of ... Other countries have multiple police forces, but for the most part their jurisdictions do not overlap ... Other countries where jurisdiction of multiple police agencies overlap, include Guardia Civil and the Policía Nacional in Spain, the Polizia di Stato and Carabinieri in Italy and the Police Nationale and National ...

Famous quotes containing the word police:

    Consider the islands bearing the names of all the saints, bristling with forts like chestnut-burs, or Echinidæ, yet the police will not let a couple of Irishmen have a private sparring- match on one of them, as it is a government monopoly; all the great seaports are in a boxing attitude, and you must sail prudently between two tiers of stony knuckles before you come to feel the warmth of their breasts.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    The State has but one face for me: that of the police. To my eyes, all of the State’s ministries have this single face, and I cannot imagine the ministry of culture other than as the police of culture, with its prefect and commissioners.
    Jean Dubuffet (1901–1985)

    Despite your best efforts, you could not invent a better police force for literature than criticism and the author’s own conscience.
    Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1860–1904)