Police

The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law, protect property, and limit civil disorder. Their powers include the legitimized use of force. The term is most commonly associated with police services of a state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined legal or territorial area of responsibility. Police forces are often defined as being separate from military or other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors; however, gendarmerie and military police are military units charged with civil policing.

Law enforcement, however, constitutes only part of policing activity. Policing has included an array of activities in different situations, but the predominant ones are concerned with the preservation of order. In some societies, in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, these developed within the context of maintaining the class system and the protection of private property. Some parts of the world may suffer from police corruption.

Alternative names for police force include constabulary, gendarmerie, police department, police service, crime prevention, protective services, law enforcement agency, civil guard or civic guard. Members may be referred to as police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers or civic/civil guards. Police of the Soviet-era Eastern Europe were (or are, in some cases, as in Belarus) called the militsiya. The Irish police are called the Garda Síochána ("guardians of the peace"); a police officer is called a garda. As police are often in conflict with individuals, slang terms are numerous. Many slang terms for police officers are decades or centuries old with lost etymology.

Read more about PoliceEtymology, Personnel and Organization, Varying Jurisdictions, Transnational Policing, Strategies, Power Restrictions, Conduct and Accountability, International Forces

Other articles related to "police":

Politics Of The Solomon Islands - Military
... No military forces are maintained by Solomon Islands, although the Royal Solomon Islands Police Force (RSIP) of nearly 500 includes a border protection element ... The police also have responsibility for fire service, disaster relief, and maritime surveillance ... The police force is headed by a commissioner, appointed by the Governor General and responsible to the prime minister ...
Police - International Forces
... those with a federal system of government, there may be several police or policelike organizations, each serving different levels of government and enforcing different subsets of ... Other countries have multiple police forces, but for the most part their jurisdictions do not overlap ... Other countries where jurisdiction of multiple police agencies overlap, include Guardia Civil and the Policía Nacional in Spain, the Polizia di ...
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... Luton is served by Bedfordshire Police ... The Police Commissioner is Olly Martins who lives in the High Town area of the town ...
Muckleshoot People - Police
... The Muckleshoot Indian Tribe contracts with the King County Sheriff's Office for police services ... Deputies assigned to the Muckleshoot reservation include six patrol officers, one school resource officer, and one chief assigned full-time to the reservation ...
Politics Of Uzbekistan - Crackdown On Islamic Fundamentalism
... The police force and the SNB use torture as a routine investigation technique ... Four police officers and three SNB officers have been convicted ... However in May 2005, hundreds were killed by police in a massacre of protesters in the city of Andijan ...

Famous quotes containing the word police:

    The State has but one face for me: that of the police. To my eyes, all of the State’s ministries have this single face, and I cannot imagine the ministry of culture other than as the police of culture, with its prefect and commissioners.
    Jean Dubuffet (1901–1985)

    The duties which a police officer owes to the state are of a most exacting nature. No one is compelled to choose the profession of a police officer, but having chosen it, everyone is obliged to live up to the standard of its requirements. To join in that high enterprise means the surrender of much individual freedom.
    Calvin Coolidge (1872–1933)

    It is human agitation, with all the vulgarity of needs small and great, with its flagrant disgust for the police who repress it, it is the agitation of all men ... that alone determines revolutionary mental forms, in opposition to bourgeois mental forms.
    Georges Bataille (1897–1962)