Manmohan Singh (; born 26 September 1932) is the 13th and current Prime Minister of India. A renowned economist, he is the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term, and the first Sikh to hold the office.
Born in Gah (now in Punjab, Pakistan) in 1932, Singh's family migrated to India during its partition in 1947. After obtaining his doctorate in economics from Oxford, Singh worked for the United Nations in 1966–69. He subsequently began his bureaucratic career when Lalit Narayan Mishra hired him as an advisor in the Ministry of Foreign Trade. Over the 70s and 80s, Singh held several key posts in the Government of India, such as Chief Economic Advisor (1972–76), Reserve Bank Governor (1982–85) and Planning Commission head (1985–87).
In 1991, as India faced a severe economic crisis, newly elected Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao surprisingly inducted the apolitical Singh into his cabinet as Finance Minister. Over the next few years, despite strong opposition, Finance Minister Singh carried out several structural reforms that liberalised India's economy. Although these measures proved successful in averting the crisis, and enhanced Singh's reputation globally as a leading reform-minded economist, the incumbent Congress party fared poorly in the 1996 general election. Subsequently, Singh served as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of India's Parliament) during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government of 1998–2004.
In 2004, when the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came to power, party president Sonia Gandhi surprisingly relinquished the Prime Minister-ship to Manmohan Singh. This Singh-led "UPA I" government executed several key legislations and projects, including the Rural Health Mission, the Unique Identification project, the Rural Employment Guarantee scheme, the Right to Information Act and a historic Civil Nuclear Agreement with the United States. The latter nearly caused the fall of Singh's government as anti-American Left Front parties withdrew from the UPA. Although India's economy grew rapidly under UPA I, its security was threatened by several terrorist incidents (culminating in the 2008 Mumbai attacks) and a growing Maoist insurgency.
The 2009 general election saw the UPA return with an increased mandate, with Manmohan Singh retaining the office of Prime Minister.
Other articles related to "singh, manmohan singh":
... January 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai Charan Singh 24 January 28 ... July 1979 Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna 28 July 14 ... January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh R ... Singh 31 December 24 ... January 1987 Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi 24 January 25 ... July 1987 N ... Singh Yashwant Sinha 10 November 21 ... June 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party Chandra Shekhar Manmohan Singh 21 June 16 ... May 1996 Indian National Congress P ...
... there was just a single release Dard Pardesan De, starring Avinash Wadhawan, Upasana Singh, Paramveer, and Deepshikha, which fared poorly in Punjab, but did very well ... In 2002 Jee Ayan Nu was released, featuring singer turned actor Harbhajan Mann and directed by Manmohan Singh ... Nu Maan Watna Da was released in 2004, again with actor Harbhajan Mann and director Manmohan Singh ...
... In March 1983, Panjab University, Chandigarh awarded him Doctor of Letters and in 2009 created a Dr ... Manmohan Singh chair in their economics department ...
... Prime Minister candidate Manmohan Singh (Indian National Congress (INC)) Following the August 2008 confidence vote victory for the current government, a ... Karunanidhi supported Manmohan Singh as the PM candidate, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) chief Sharad Pawar tried to project himself as a possible Prime Ministerial candidate as well ... On 24 January 2009, Manmohan Singh underwent a cardiac bypass surgery at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi ...
... was a close friend and associate of Dr Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister of India ... In fact, Dr Man Mohan Singh became a Rajya Sabha MP from Assam quota by claiming that he was a resident of Assam by producing a house rent receipt from Saikia's wife ... According to an affidavit submitted by Dr Man Mohan Singh, the prime minister stays in Saikia's rented house at Sarumotoria by paying a monthly rent of Rupees 700 ...
Famous quotes containing the word singh:
“There is nothing like the fun of having brothers,
if there is no rivalry.
There is nothing like the fun of summer rains,
if there is no mud.
There is nothing like the fun of gambling,
if there is no loss.”
—Punjabi proverb, trans. by Gurinder Singh Mann.