A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. In many systems, the prime minister selects and may dismiss other members of the cabinet, and allocates posts to members within the government. In most systems, the prime minister is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet. In a minority of systems, notably in semi-presidential systems of government, a prime minister is the official who is appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives of the head of state.
In parliamentary systems fashioned after the Westminster system, the prime minister is the presiding and actual head of the government and head of the executive branch. In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (i.e. the monarch, president, or governor-general) usually holds a largely ceremonial position, although often with reserve powers.
The prime minister is often, but not always, a member of parliament and is expected with other ministers to ensure the passage of bills through the legislature. In some monarchies the monarch may also exercise executive powers (known as the royal prerogative) which are constitutionally vested in the crown and may be exercised without the approval of parliament.
As well as being head of government, a prime minister may have other roles or titles—the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, for example, is also First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service. Prime ministers may take other ministerial posts—for example during the Second World War, Winston Churchill was also Minister of Defence (although there was then no Ministry of Defence).
Read more about Prime Minister: Etymology, History, Prime Ministers in Republics and In Monarchies, Entry Into Office, Prime Ministers and Constitutions, Exit From Office, Titles, Description of The Role, Lists of Prime Ministers
... The following table groups the list of past and present prime ministers and details information available in those lists ...
... After the death of Nehru, the Congress government, under Prime Minister Shastri, started to pay him a monthly pension ... A request to that effect was made to the then Defence Minister, Y.B ... Chavan, who later on became Deputy Prime Minister of India ...
... of the administration of Tanaka Giichi in 1929, Hamaguchi became Prime Minister of Japan and formed a cabinet based largely on Minseitō party members ... Nine years earlier another Prime Minister, Hara Takashi, had been assassinated near the same place.) The wounds kept Hamaguchi hospitalized for several months ...
... of the Empire of Japan, including the Cabinet and even the Prime Minister of Japan ... Prime Minister Itō Hirobumi was allowed to attend meetings by the express order of Emperor Meiji during the First Sino-Japanese War ... However, Prime Minister Katsura Taro, despite his military background, was denied entry to meetings during the subsequent Russo-Japanese War ...
... but it is within the powers of the prime minister to ask the monarch to call for an election before the term has elapsed ... On a vote of no confidence, the parliament may force a single minister or the entire government to resign ... The prime minister is formally appointed by the monarch, on the advice of party leaders following an election or collapse of a government ...
Famous quotes containing the words prime minister, minister and/or prime:
“Sometimes it takes years to really grasp what has happened to your life. What do you do after you are world-famous and nineteen or twenty and you have sat with prime ministers, kings and queens, the Pope? What do you do after that? Do you go back home and take a job? What do you do to keep your sanity? You come back to the real world.”
—Wilma Rudolph (19401994)
“Just let him be minister if thats what he desires, but without his brother and his brother-in-law.”
—Franz Grillparzer (17911872)
“Few white citizens are acquainted with blacks other than those projected by the media and the socalled educational system, which is nothing more than a system of rewards and punishments based upon ones ability to pledge loyalty oaths to Anglo culture. The media and the educational system are the prime sources of racism in the United States.”
—Ishmael Reed (b. 1938)