Visible light (commonly referred to simply as light) is electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye, and is responsible for the sense of sight. Visible light has a wavelength in the range of about 380 nanometres to about 740 nm – between the invisible infrared, with longer wavelengths and the invisible ultraviolet, with shorter wavelengths.
Primary properties of visible light are intensity, propagation direction, frequency or wavelength spectrum, and polarisation, while its speed in a vacuum, 299,792,458 meters per second (about 300,000 kilometers per second), is one of the fundamental constants of nature. Visible light, as with all types of electromagnetic radiation (EMR), is experimentally found to always move at this speed in vacuum.
In common with all types of EMR, visible light is emitted and absorbed in tiny "packets" called photons, and exhibits properties of both waves and particles. This property is referred to as the wave–particle duality. The study of light, known as optics, is an important research area in modern physics.
In physics, the term light sometimes refers to electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength, whether visible or not. This article focuses on visible light. See the electromagnetic radiation article for the general term.
Other articles related to "light":
... Michael Faraday discovered that the plane of polarisation of linearly polarised light is rotated when the light rays travel along the magnetic field direction ... This was the first evidence that light was related to electromagnetism ... In 1846 he speculated that light might be some form of disturbance propagating along magnetic field lines ...
... body radiators are the reference by which the whiteness of light sources is judged ... By analogy, nearly-Planckian light sources such as certain fluorescent or high-intensity discharge lamps can be judged by their correlated color temperature (CCT) the color temperature of the Planckian radiator ... The question is what is the relationship between the light source's relative spectral power distribution and its correlated color temperature? ...
... concept of local time (based on synchronization by light signals) and the principle of relativity ... He wrote What would happen if we could communicate by signals other than those of light, the velocity of propagation of which differed from that of light? If, after having regulated our watches by ... transmitted with a velocity a million times as great as that of light? However, in 1905 Poincaré calculated that changes in the gravitational field can propagate with the speed of light if it is ...
... The CIE color rendering index (CRI) is a method to determine how well a light source's illumination of eight sample patches compares to the illumination provided by a ... the CRI and CCT give a numerical estimate of what reference (ideal) light source best approximates a particular artificial light, and what the difference is ...
... a single-use source of very short and extremely bright flashes of light Arc flash, an electrical explosion Lightning, a natural phenomenon Muzzle flash, the visible light of the muzzle blast when a firearm is ...
Famous quotes containing the word light:
“But the golden-rod is one of the fairy, magical flowers; it grows not up to seek human love amid the light of day, but to mark to the discerning what wealth lies hid in the secret caves of earth.”
—Margaret Fuller (18101850)
“When the light was extinguished,
She covered me warm,
And she prayed to the angels
To keep me from harm”
—Edgar Allan Poe (18091849)
“Modern dancers are inconvenienced by a local ordinance requiring the passage of visible light between partners.”
—State of Utah, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)