Lexicography is divided into two related disciplines:

  • Practical lexicography is the art or craft of compiling, writing and editing dictionaries.
  • Theoretical lexicography is the scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic, syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships within the lexicon (vocabulary) of a language, developing theories of dictionary components and structures linking the data in dictionaries, the needs for information by users in specific types of situation, and how users may best access the data incorporated in printed and electronic dictionaries. This is sometimes referred to as 'metalexicography'.

A person devoted to lexicography is called a lexicographer.

General lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of general dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries that provide a description of the language in general use. Such a dictionary is usually called a general dictionary or LGP dictionary (Language for General Purpose). Specialized lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of specialized dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries that are devoted to a (relatively restricted) set of linguistic and factual elements of one or more specialist subject fields, e.g. legal lexicography. Such a dictionary is usually called a specialized dictionary or LSP dictionary and following Nielsen 1994, specialized dictionaries are either multi-field, single-field or sub-field dictionaries.

There is some disagreement on the definition of lexicology, as distinct from lexicography. Some use "lexicology" as a synonym for theoretical lexicography; others use it to mean a branch of linguistics pertaining to the inventory of words in a particular language.

It is now widely accepted that lexicography is a scholarly discipline in its own right and not a sub-branch of applied linguistics, as the chief object of study in lexicography is the dictionary (see e.g. Bergenholtz/Nielsen/Tarp 2009).

Read more about Lexicography:  Etymology, Aspects, Recommended Reading

Other articles related to "lexicography":

Specialised Lexicography
... Specialised lexicography (also spelled specialized lexicography) is an academic discipline that is concerned with development of theories and principles for the design, compilation, use and evaluation ...
Reinhard Hartmann - Publications
... Papers from the 1978 BAAL Seminar on Lexicography (1979) ed ... Lexicography ... Papers from the International Conference on Lexicography at Exeter, 9–12 September 1983 (1984) ed ...
Samuel Johnson's Literary Criticism - Lexicography
... is to examine its usage, and a critic must understand lexicography before they can understand what people are saying ...
Lexicography - Recommended Reading
... Michael (2008) The Oxford Guide to Practical Lexicography, Oxford U.P ... ISBN 978-0-19-927771-1 Bejoint, Henri (2000) Modern Lexicography An Introduction, Oxford U.P ... (eds.) Lexicography at a Crossroads Dictionaries and Encyclopedias Today, Lexicographical Tools Tomorrow ...
Shabdamanidarpana - Grammar Topics - Lexicography
... Shabdamanidarpana is important from the view of lexicography ... An attempt at lexicon-making is provided in several parts of the work ...