Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986), known as Jorge Luis Borges, was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator born in Buenos Aires. His work embraces the "character of unreality in all literature". His most famous books, Ficciones (1944) and The Aleph (1949), are compilations of short stories interconnected by common themes such as dreams, labyrinths, libraries, mirrors, animals, fictional writers, philosophy, religion and God. His works have contributed to philosophical literature and also to both the fantasy and magical realism genres. The magical realism genre reacted against the realism/naturalism of the nineteenth century. In fact, critic Angel Flores, the first to use the term, set the beginning of this movement with Borges's Historia universal de la infamia (A Universal History of Infamy) (1935). Scholars have also suggested that Borges's progressive blindness helped him to create innovative literary symbols through imagination. His late poems dialogue with such cultural figures as Spinoza, Camões, and Virgil.

In 1914 his family moved to Switzerland where he attended school, receiving his baccalauréat from the Collège de Genève in 1918. The family travelled widely in Europe, including stays in Spain. On his return to Argentina in 1921, Borges began publishing his poems and essays in surrealist literary journals. He also worked as a librarian and public lecturer. In 1955 he was appointed director of the National Public Library (Biblioteca Nacional) and professor of Literature at the University of Buenos Aires. In 1961 he came to international attention when he received the first ever Prix International, sharing the award with Samuel Beckett. In 1971 he won the Jerusalem Prize. His work was translated and published widely in the United States and in Europe. Borges himself was fluent in several languages. Borges had dedicated his final work, Los Conjurados (The Conspirators), to the city of Geneva, Switzerland, and it was there, in 1986, that he chose to die.

His international fame was consolidated in the 1960s, aided by the "Latin American Boom" and the success of Gabriel García Márquez's Cien Años de Soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude). Writer and essayist J. M. Coetzee said of him: "He, more than anyone, renovated the language of fiction and thus opened the way to a remarkable generation of Spanish American novelists."

Read more about Jorge Luis BorgesWorks, Fact, Fantasy and Non-linearity

Other articles related to "jorge luis borges, borges":

List Of Compositions By Juan María Solare - Lieder
... (About 1981) "Vocalise" for voice and piano (About 1982) "Ajedrez I y II", (Jorge Luis Borges) voice and piano (1986) To Mauricio Carlón ... Ambos lados del ocaso" (Jorge Luis Borges) viola and soprano (1989) "Más allá del amor" (Javier Adúriz) mezzosoprano, violin, viola, clarinet (1992 ... folklore, partially transmitted by Adolfo Bioy Casares and Jorge Luis Borges ...
Jorge Luis Borges - Influences - Mathematics
... The essay collection Borges y la Matemática (Borges and Mathematics, 2003) by Argentine mathematician and writer Guillermo Martínez, outlines how Borges used concepts from mathematics ... Martínez states that Borges had, for example, at least a superficial knowledge of set theory, which he handles with elegance in stories such as "The Book of ... such as The Unimaginable Mathematics of Borges' Library of Babel by William Goldbloom Bloch (2008) and Unthinking Thinking Jorge Luis Borges, Mathematics, and the New Physics by Floyd Merrell (1991) also explore ...
María Kodama
... María Kodama Schweitzer (born Buenos Aires, March 10, 1937) is the widow of Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges and sole owner of his estate after his death in 1986 ... Borges had bequeathed to Kodama his rights as author in a will written in 1979, when she was his literary secretary, and bequeathed to her his whole estate in 1985 ... in 1986, shortly before the death of Borges ...
Latin American Literature - Prominent Writers
... most eminent Latin American author of any century is the Argentine Jorge Luis Borges ... If you read Borges frequently and closely, you become something of a Borgesian, because to read him is to activate an awareness of literature in which he has gone farther than anybody else." Among the ... Borges opined that it was "the Don Quixote of Latin America." The most important literary prize of the Spanish language is widely considered to be the Cervantes ...

Famous quotes by jorge luis borges:

    A book is not an autonomous entity: it is a relation, an axis of innumerable relations. One literature differs from another, be it earlier or later, not because of the texts but because of the way they are read: if I could read any page from the present time—this one, for instance—as it will be read in the year 2000, I would know what the literature of the year 2000 would be like.
    Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)

    The flattery of posterity is not worth much more than contemporary flattery, which is worth nothing.
    Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)

    Life itself is a quotation.
    Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)

    That one individual should awaken in another memories that belong to still a third is an obvious paradox.
    Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)

    Imprecision is tolerable and verisimilar in literature, because we always tend towards it in life.
    Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)