Gettysburg Address - Five Manuscripts

Five Manuscripts

Wikisource has original text related to this article: Gettysburg Address

The five known manuscript copies of the Gettysburg Address are each named for the associated person who received it from Lincoln. Lincoln gave a copy to each of his private secretaries, John Nicolay and John Hay. Both of these drafts were written around the time of his November 19 address, while the other three copies of the address, the Everett, Bancroft, and Bliss copies, were written by Lincoln for charitable purposes well after November 19. In part because Lincoln provided a title and signed and dated the Bliss copy, it has become the standard text of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.

The two earliest drafts of the Address are associated with some confusion and controversy regarding their existence and provenance. Nicolay and Hay were appointed custodians of Lincoln's papers by Lincoln's son Robert Todd Lincoln in 1874. After appearing in facsimile in an article written by John Nicolay in 1894, the Nicolay copy was presumably among the papers passed to Hay by Nicolay's daughter Helen upon Nicolay's death in 1901. Robert Lincoln began a search for the original copy in 1908, which resulted in the discovery of a handwritten copy of the Gettysburg Address among the bound papers of John Hay—a copy now known as the "Hay copy" or "Hay draft."

The Hay draft differed from the version of the Gettysburg Address published by John Nicolay in 1894 in a number of significant ways: it was written on a different type of paper, had a different number of words per line and number of lines, and contained editorial revisions in Lincoln's hand.

Both the Hay and Nicolay copies of the Address are within the Library of Congress, encased in specially designed, temperature-controlled, sealed containers with argon gas in order to protect the documents from oxidation and continued deterioration.

Read more about this topic:  Gettysburg Address

Other articles related to "manuscripts, manuscript":

Biblical Manuscript - New Testament Manuscripts - Cataloging - Von Soden
... published a complex cataloging system for manuscripts in 1902-10 ... He grouped the manuscripts based on content, assigning them a Greek prefix δ for the complete New Testament, ε for the Gospels, and α for the ... This grouping, however, was flawed because some manuscripts grouped in δ did not contain Revelation, and many manuscripts grouped in α contained either the general epistles or the ...
The Shepherd's Paradise - Manuscripts
... The text also survives in several manuscripts, the most noteworthy being MS ... That manuscript features, as a Prologue, a dialogue between Apollo and Diana not included in the printed text it also provides the identities of the courtly ladies who appeared in the masque ...
Rare Book & Manuscript Library - Units
... The Rare Book Manuscript Library has eleven units Bakhmeteff Archive of Russian and East European Culture, preserves and documents the heritage of Russian and East European émigrés ... Manuscripts, Papers, and Records the University’s principal repository for primary resources ... Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts Oral History Research Office Papyri and Ostraca Rare Books, cares for printed books, ancient writing surfaces, other codex manuscripts ...
Arnoldus Arlenius
... He also catalogued Mendoza's collection of Greek manuscripts ... Working with manuscripts found in Mendoza's substantial library, he produced in 1544 the first printed Greek version of the works of Josephus ... for the printer Lorenzo Torrentino and obtained books and manuscripts for Johann Jakob Fugger ...
Biblical Manuscript - New Testament Manuscripts - Cataloging
... printed edition of the Greek New Testament in 1516, basing his work on several manuscripts because he did not have a single complete work and because each manuscript ... Wettstein was one of the first biblical scholars to start cataloging biblical manuscripts ... He divided the manuscripts based on the writing used (uncial, minuscule) or format (lectionaries) and based on content (Gospels, Pauline letters, Acts + General ...

Famous quotes containing the word manuscripts:

    Anyone who has invented a better mousetrap, or the contemporary equivalent, can expect to be harassed by strangers demanding that you read their unpublished manuscripts or undergo the humiliation of public speaking, usually on remote Midwestern campuses.
    Barbara Ehrenreich (b. 1941)