IrelandSee also: Censorship in the Republic of Ireland
Freedom of speech is protected by Article 40.6.1 of the Irish constitution. However the article qualifies this right, providing that it may not be used to undermine "public order or morality or the authority of the State". Furthermore, the constitution explicitly requires that the publication of "blasphemous, seditious, or indecent matter" be a criminal offence, leading the government to pass a new blasphemy law on 8 July 2009.
The scope of the protection afforded by this Article has been interpreted restrictively by the judiciary, largely as a result of the wording of the Article, which qualifies the right before articulating it. Indeed, until an authoritative pronouncement on the issue by the Supreme Court, many believed that the protection was restricted to "convictions and opinions" and, as a result, a separate right to communicate was, by necessity, implied into Article 40.3.2. This judicial conservatism is at variance with the concept of speech as a democratic imperative. This, albeit trite, justification for free speech has underpinned the liberal, progressive interpretation of the First Amendment by the United States Supreme Court.
Under the European Convention on Human Rights Act 2003, all of the rights afforded by the European Convention form an integral part of the Republic of Ireland's laws. The act is, however, subordinate to the constitution.
Other articles related to "ireland":
... In corps units the rank designation changes ... In the artillery the rank is known as gunner (Gnr), but usually only after the completion of a gunners' course, and in the cavalry it is known as trooper (Tpr) ...
... There are 3 prisons in Northern Ireland ... The "average" prison population of Northern Ireland in 2009 was 1,465 ...
... County Tipperary in Ireland was divided in 1838 into two ridings, Tipperary North Riding and Tipperary South Riding — the divisions remain as local government counties, but were renamed simply 'North Tipperary' and 'S ...
... Nine years after arriving in Ireland, Nemed died of plague along with three thousand of his people ... containing thirty warriors, escaped, and the last of Nemed's followers left Ireland ... Preceded by Partholón Mythical invasions of Ireland AFM 2350 BC FFE 1731 BC Succeeded by Fir Bolg ...
... Normandy, France Germany Mayence Trier Magdeburg Catholic Church in Ireland Armagh, Primate of All Ireland Dublin, Primate of Ireland England Canterbury York St ... Gniezno, Poland Tarragona, Spain Gran, Hungary Mechlin, Belgium (1560) Armagh, All Ireland Others Prague, Bohemia Venice, for Dalmatia Carthage, Africa ...
Famous quotes containing the word ireland:
“In Ireland they try to make a cat cleanly by rubbing its nose in its own filth. Mr. Joyce has tried the same treatment on the human subject. I hope it may prove successful.”
—George Bernard Shaw (18561950)
“Sport and death are the two great socializing factors in Ireland ...”
—Elizabeth Bowen (18991973)
“Come, fix upon me that accusing eye.
I thirst for accusation. All that was sung.
All that was said in Ireland is a lie
Breed out of the contagion of the throng,
Saving the rhyme rats hear before they die.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)