International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and nations. It serves as the indispensable framework for the practice of stable and organized international relations. International law differs from national legal systems in that it primarily concerns nations rather than private citizens. National law may become international law when treaties delegate national jurisdiction to supranational tribunals such as the European Court of Human Rights or the International Criminal Court. Treaties such as the Geneva Conventions may require national law to conform.
International law is consent-based governance. This means that a state member of the international community is not obliged to abide by international law unless it has expressly consented to a particular course of conduct. This is an issue of state sovereignty.
The term "international law" can refer to three distinct legal disciplines:
- Public international law, which governs the relationship between provinces and international entities. It includes these legal fields: treaty law, law of sea, international criminal law, the laws of war or international humanitarian law and international human rights law.
- Private international law, or conflict of laws, which addresses the questions of (1) which jurisdiction may hear a case, and (2) the law concerning which jurisdiction applies to the issues in the case.
- Supranational law or the law of supranational organizations, which concerns regional agreements where the laws of nation states may be held inapplicable when conflicting with a supranational legal system when that nation has a treaty obligation to a supranational collective.
The two traditional branches of the field are:
- jus gentium — law of nations
- jus inter gentes — agreements between nations
Other articles related to "international law, international, law":
... The International Court of Justice ruling in the case established a precedent regarding whether a violation of territorial sovereignty is justified intervention ... to most serious abuses and such as cannot, whatever be the present defects in international organization, find a place in international law ... respect for territorial sovereignty is an essential foundation of international relations ...
... Roberto Ago (Italy), Judge, International Court of Justice (1979–1995) Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Egypt), Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992–1996) Frede ... Department of State Pieter Kooijmans (Netherlands), Judge, International Court of Justice (1997–2006) Lazare Kopelmanas (France), United Nations ... Hisashi Owada (Japan), Judge, International Court of Justice (2003–Present) Gonzalo Parra Aranguren (Venezuela), Judge, International Court of Justice (1996 ...
... International Court of Justice (2003–2010) former Chairman, International Law Commission Xue Hanqin (LL.M ... International Court of Justice (2010-) Chinese diplomat and international law expert Charles Evans Hughes, Judge, Permanent Court of International Justice in The ... International Law Commission (2011-) Ernest Howard Crosby (LL.B.), Judge in First Instance, Alexandria, Egypt (1887–89) Rocky Pollack, Canadian Judge ...
... It does have a supranational law, called Agreements, which are mandatory for these countries ...
... Public International Law (textbook), Fitko, Skopje, 1991 Theses on Political Pluralism and Legal State in Macedonia, Pogledi, 1, 1990, Skopje Public ...
Famous quotes containing the word law:
“Unless we maintain correctional institutions of such character that they create respect for law and government instead of breeding resentment and a desire for revenge, we are meeting lawlessness with stupidity and making a travesty of justice.”
—Mary B. Harris (18741957)