Disease

A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism. It is often construed to be a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. It may be caused by external factors, such as infectious disease, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases. In humans, "disease" is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, or death to the person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. In this broader sense, it sometimes includes injuries, disabilities, disorders, syndromes, infections, isolated symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function, while in other contexts and for other purposes these may be considered distinguishable categories. Diseases usually affect people not only physically, but also emotionally, as contracting and living with many diseases can alter one's perspective on life, and their personality.

Death due to disease is called death by natural causes. There are four main types of disease: pathogenic disease, deficiency disease, hereditary disease, and physiological disease.

Diseases can also be classified as communicable and non-communicable disease.

Read more about Disease:  Causes and Transmissibility, Burdens of Disease, Prevention, Treatments, Epidemiology, Social and Cultural Responses

Other articles related to "disease":

Coeliac Disease - Treatment - Refractory Disease
... minority of patients suffer from refractory disease, which means they do not improve on a gluten-free diet ... This may be because the disease has been present for so long that the intestines are no longer able to heal on diet alone, or because the patient is not adhering to the ...
Coeliac Disease
... Coeliac disease ( /ˈsiːli.æk/ spelled celiac disease in North America and often celiac sprue) is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine that occurs in genetically predisposed ... Coeliac disease is caused by a reaction to gliadin, a prolamin (gluten protein) found in wheat, and similar proteins found in the crops of the tribe ... While the disease is caused by a reaction to wheat proteins, it is not the same as wheat allergy ...
Coeliac Disease - Signs and Symptoms - Miscellaneous
... Coeliac disease has been linked with a number of conditions ... cases, it is unclear whether the gluten-induced bowel disease is a causative factor or whether these conditions share a common predisposition ... IgA deficiency is present in 2.3% of patients with coeliac disease, and in turn, this condition features a tenfold increased risk of coeliac disease ...
Coeliac Disease - History
9500 BCE) in the Fertile Crescent in Western Asia, and it is likely that coeliac disease did not occur before this time ... The diarrhoea manifested as loose stools that were white, malodorous and flatulent, and the disease was intractable and liable to periodic return ... The cause, according to Aretaeus, was sometimes either another chronic disease or even consuming "a copious draught of cold water." The paediatrician Samuel Gee gave the first modern-day ...
Social and Cultural Responses - Language of Disease
... metaphors to make sense of their experiences with disease ... The metaphors move disease from an objective thing that exists to an affective experience ... popular metaphors draw on military concepts Disease is an enemy that must be feared, fought, battled, and routed ...

Famous quotes containing the word disease:

    War is in truth a disease in which the juices that serve health and maintenance are used for the sole purpose of nourishing something foreign, something at odds with nature.
    Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe (1749–1832)

    Is not disease the rule of existence? There is not a lily pad floating on the river but has been riddled by insects. Almost every shrub and tree has its gall, oftentimes esteemed its chief ornament and hardly to be distinguished from the fruit. If misery loves company, misery has company enough. Now, at midsummer, find me a perfect leaf or fruit.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)