Cycling - Exercise


The physical exercise gained from cycling is generally linked with increased health and well-being. According to the World Health Organization, physical inactivity is second only to tobacco smoking as a health risk in developed countries, and this is associated with many tens of billions of dollars of healthcare costs. The WHO's report suggests that increasing physical activity is a public health 'best buy', and that cycling is a 'highly suitable activity' for this purpose. The charity Sustrans reports that investment in cycling provision can give a 20:1 return from health and other benefits. It has been estimated that, on average, approximately 20 life-years are gained from the health benefits of road bicycling for every life-year lost through injury.

Bicycles are often used by people seeking to improve their fitness and cardiovascular health. In this regard, cycling is especially helpful for those with arthritis of the lower limbs who are unable to pursue sports that cause impact to the knees and other joints. Since cycling can be used for the practical purpose of transportation, there can be less need for self-discipline to exercise.

Cycling while seated is a relatively non-weight bearing exercise that, like swimming, does little to promote bone density. Cycling up and out of the saddle, on the other hand, does a better job by transferring more of the rider's body weight to the legs. However, excessive cycling while standing can cause knee damage It used to be thought that cycling while standing was less energy efficient, but recent research has proven this not to be true. Other than air resistance, there is no wasted energy from cycling while standing, if it is done correctly.

Cycling on a stationary cycle is frequently advocated as a suitable exercise for rehabilitation, particularly for lower limb injury, owing to the low impact which it has on the joints. In particular, cycling is commonly used within knee rehabilitation programs.

As a response to the increased global sedentarity and consequent overweight and obesity, one response that has been adopted by many organizations concerned with health and environment is the promotion of Active travel, which seeks to promote walking and cycling as safe and attractive alternatives to motorized transport. Given that many journeys are for relatively short distances, there is considerable scope to replace car use with walking or cycling, though in many settings this may require some infrastructure modification, particularly to attract the less experienced and confident.

Read more about this topic:  Cycling

Other articles related to "exercise, exercises":

Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage - Diagnosis - Endoscopy
... endoscopic examination of the trachea following exercise although a small proportion of horses will have blood at the nostrils (epistaxis) during or following intense ... in the trachea immediately upon endoscopic examination soon after exercise ... current practice is to perform endoscopy of the trachea around 30–60 minutes after exercise ...
Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage
... Exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH), also known as "bleeding" or a "bleeding attack", refers to the presence of blood in the airways of the lung in association with exercise ... EIPH is common in horses undertaking intense exercise, but it has also been reported in human athletes, racing camels and racing greyhounds ... examination of the airways is performed following exercise ...
Pregnancy - Management - Exercise
... to participate in aerobic and strength-conditioning exercises as part of a healthy lifestyle during their pregnancy" ... Although an upper level of safe exercise intensity has not been established, women who were regular exercisers before pregnancy and who have uncomplicated, healthy pregnancies ... an accumulation of 30 minutes a day of exercise on most if not all days of the week ...
Sit-up (exercise)
... The sit-up is an abdominal strength training exercise commonly performed with the aim of strengthening the hip flexors and abdominal muscles ... compressive lumbar load and may be replaced with the crunch in exercise programs ... Strength exercises such as sit-ups and push-ups do not cause the spot reduction of fat (Abdominal muscular hypertrophy) ...
Calorie Restriction - Objections - Insufficient Calories and Amino Acids For Exercise
... Exercise has also been shown to increase health and lifespan and lower the incidence of several diseases (relative to sedentary and obese controls, but not to energy-r ... Moreover, in experiments comparing CR to exercise, CR animals live much longer than exercised animals ...

Famous quotes containing the word exercise:

    Sorrow is a kind of rust of the soul, which every new idea contributes in its passage to scour away. It is the putrefaction of stagnant life, and is remedied by exercise and motion.
    Samuel Johnson (1709–1784)

    The exercise of letters is sometimes linked to the ambition to contruct an absolute book, a book of books that includes the others like a Platonic archetype, an object whose virtues are not diminished by the passage of time.
    Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)

    Small natures require despotism to exercise their sinews, as great souls thirst for equality to give play to their heart.
    Honoré De Balzac (1799–1850)