Bronze is a metal alloy consisting primarily of copper, usually with tin as the main additive. It is hard and tough, and it was particularly significant in antiquity, so much that the Bronze Age was named after the metal. However, historical pieces were often made interchangeably of bronzes or brasses with different compositions, so modern museum and scholarly descriptions of older objects increasingly use the more inclusive term "copper alloy" instead. Historically the term latten was used for such alloys.
The word bronze is borrowed from French: bronze, itself borrowed from Italian: bronzo (compare Medieval Latin: bronzium), whose origin is unclear. It might be connected with Venetian: bronza "glowing coals", or German: Brunst "fire", but it could equally go back to or be influenced by the Latin name Brundisium of the city of Brindisi (aes Brundusinum, meaning "copper of Brindisi", is attested in Pliny). Alternatively, it could derive from the Persian word for brass, birinj.
Other articles related to "bronze":
... See also Bronze medal Bronze has been used in the manufacture of various types of medals for centuries, and are known in contemporary times for being awarded to the second-runner ... part attributed to the choices of gold, silver and bronze to represent the first three Ages of Man in Greek mythology the Golden Age, when men lived among the gods the ... At the 1896 event, silver was awarded to winners and bronze to runners-up, while at 1900 other prizes were given, not medals ...
... Bronze is the most popular metal for cast metal sculptures a cast bronze sculpture is often called simply a "bronze" ... Common bronze alloys have the unusual and desirable property of expanding slightly just before they set, thus filling the finest details of a mold ... Then, as the bronze cools, it shrinks a little, making it easier to separate from the mold ...
... Jorio, a necropolis with 14 urn graves from the Early Bronze Age (about 14th century BC) were found ... The urns contained, in addition to burned bones, bronze ornaments, which had some fire damage, including, bangles, hair pins with conical head and slightly thickened neck, rings and knives ... The ceramic and bronze objects date from the Canegrate culture (named after a large necropolis in the province of Milan) ...
90% of the Bronze Age period mtDNA haplogroups were of west Eurasian origin and the study determined that at least 60% of the individuals overall (out of the 26 ... A 2004 study also established that during the Bronze Age/Iron Age period, the majority of the population of Kazakhstan (part of the Andronovo culture ...
... White bronze ... Actually sand cast zinc, but called white bronze for marketing purposes ... not all, zinc grave markers were made by the Monumental Bronze Company of Bridgeport, CT, between 1874 and 1914 ...
Famous quotes containing the word bronze:
“Both nuns and mothers worship images,
But those the candles light are not as those
That animate a mothers reveries,
But keep a marble or a bronze repose.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)
“Ask us, ask us whether with the worldless rose
Our hearts shall fail us; come demanding
Whether there shall be lofty or long standing
When the bronze annals of the oak-tree close.”
—Richard Wilbur (b. 1921)
“What will our children remember of us, ten, fifteen years from now? The mobile we bought or didnt buy? Or the tone in our voices, the look in our eyes, the enthusiasm for lifeand for themthat we felt? They, and we, will remember the spirit of things, not the letter. Those memories will go so deep that no one could measure it, capture it, bronze it, or put it in a scrapbook.”
—Sonia Taitz (20th century)